Women's self-employment: An act of institutional (dis)integration?

A multilevel, cross-country study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In this paper we investigate the extent to which gender equality disintegrates women's self-employment choice (compared to that for men) and whether this is contingent upon a country's development stage and industries. We rely on symbolic interactionism to argue that employment choices emerge from an interactive conversation between individual and social institutional processes. Using data from 61 countries, we find that overall gender equality is associated with the gender gap in men's and women's self-employment choices and that this association depends upon the country's development stage and industries. Contributions are made to women's entrepreneurship and institutional theory. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Business Venturing
Volume28
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)474-488
ISSN0883-9026
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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Industry
Cross-country study
Development stage
Gender equality
Self-employment
Symbolic interactionism
Gender gap
Women's entrepreneurship
Institutional theory

Cite this

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title = "Women's self-employment: An act of institutional (dis)integration?: A multilevel, cross-country study",
abstract = "In this paper we investigate the extent to which gender equality disintegrates women's self-employment choice (compared to that for men) and whether this is contingent upon a country's development stage and industries. We rely on symbolic interactionism to argue that employment choices emerge from an interactive conversation between individual and social institutional processes. Using data from 61 countries, we find that overall gender equality is associated with the gender gap in men's and women's self-employment choices and that this association depends upon the country's development stage and industries. Contributions are made to women's entrepreneurship and institutional theory. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
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Women's self-employment: An act of institutional (dis)integration? A multilevel, cross-country study. / Klyver, Kim; Nielsen, Suna Løwe; Evald, Majbritt Rostgaard.

In: Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2013, p. 474-488.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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AB - In this paper we investigate the extent to which gender equality disintegrates women's self-employment choice (compared to that for men) and whether this is contingent upon a country's development stage and industries. We rely on symbolic interactionism to argue that employment choices emerge from an interactive conversation between individual and social institutional processes. Using data from 61 countries, we find that overall gender equality is associated with the gender gap in men's and women's self-employment choices and that this association depends upon the country's development stage and industries. Contributions are made to women's entrepreneurship and institutional theory. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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