Within-day variation and influence of physical exercise on circulating Galectin-3 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and healthy individuals

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Abstract

Galectin-3 has been suggested as a pro-inflammatory mediator in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous studies have reported overexpression of Galectin-3 in RA synovitis and increased levels in synovial fluid and serum in long-standing RA compared with osteoarthritis and healthy controls. Our objectives were to study whether serum Galectin-3 (1) exhibits circadian variation and/or (2) responds to exercise in RA and controls. The study on circadian patterns (1) comprised eleven patients with newly diagnosed RA, disease duration less than 6 months (ERA), 10 patients with long-standing RA [5-15 years (LRA)] and 16 self-reportedly healthy control subjects. During 24 h, 7 blood samples were drawn at 3-h intervals starting at 10 a.m. through 10 p.m. and at 7 and 10 a.m. on the following day. The study on the effect of physical activity (2) included 10 patients with ERA, 10 with LRA and 14 controls. The participants underwent a standardized exercise programme and four blood samples were drawn before, during and after exercise. Serum Galectin-3 was quantified by ELISA (R&D systems). (1) Galectin-3 was increased at baseline in both RA subsets (P = 0.08). There were no diurnal oscillations (P = 0.85). Day-to-day variation amounted to 3%. (2) Baseline Galectin-3 was increased in LRA versus controls and ERA (P < 0.01 and 0.05). Physical exercise induced 10-15% Galectin-3 increments in RA and controls (P < 0.001) peaking after 1-3 h. To conclude, Galectin-3 did not exhibit circadian variation. Day-to-day variation was 3%. Exercise elicited comparable increments in patients with RA of short and long duration and controls, approaching normal after 1-3 h.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Immunology
Volume82
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)70-75
ISSN0300-9475
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015

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