Vigorous physical activity and the neighborhood school environment: cross-sectional study

Chalida Svastisalee, Jasper Schipperijn, Bjørn Evald Holstein, Lisa M. Powell, Pernille Due

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the association between likelihood of frequent vigorous physical activity (VPA) outside of school hours and aspects of the built environment that support exercise.
Methods: Self-reported VPA measured in 6046 boys and girls in 80 schools. Multi-level logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between frequency of VPA and objective exercise resources within 2 km from each school.
Results: Total walking paths was the strongest built environment correlate of frequent VPA. Boys from low socioeconomic backgrounds or attending schools with little walking paths had lower odds (OR = 0.66 and 0.68, respectively) of frequent VPA. Girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds had lower odds (OR = 0.62) of frequent VPA. Interactions between socioeconomic background and total paths showed a decreased likelihood of frequent VPA for boys and girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds attending schools with little urban green space (OR = 0.47 and 0.16 respectively). The cumulative effect of paths, street intersections, and number of sports facilities showed boys and girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds attending schools with low exposure were least likely to achieve frequent VPA (OR = 0.48 and 0.17, respectively).
Conclusions: Findings of this study suggest that a lack of supportive physical activity surroundings may have a greater impact on children of low socioeconomic backgrounds than those from more privileged families. Thus, socioeconomic context needs to be considered as part of the physical activity landscape when exploring individual physical activity.
Original languageEnglish
Publication dateJun 2011
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011
EventISBNPA Annual Meeting 2011 - Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 15. Jun 201118. Jun 2011

Conference

ConferenceISBNPA Annual Meeting 2011
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period15/06/201118/06/2011

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Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • youth
  • neighborhood
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • geography

Cite this

Svastisalee, C., Schipperijn, J., Holstein, B. E., Powell, L. M., & Due, P. (2011). Vigorous physical activity and the neighborhood school environment: cross-sectional study. Abstract from ISBNPA Annual Meeting 2011, Melbourne, Australia.
Svastisalee, Chalida ; Schipperijn, Jasper ; Holstein, Bjørn Evald ; Powell, Lisa M. ; Due, Pernille. / Vigorous physical activity and the neighborhood school environment: cross-sectional study. Abstract from ISBNPA Annual Meeting 2011, Melbourne, Australia.
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Svastisalee, C, Schipperijn, J, Holstein, BE, Powell, LM & Due, P 2011, 'Vigorous physical activity and the neighborhood school environment: cross-sectional study', ISBNPA Annual Meeting 2011, Melbourne, Australia, 15/06/2011 - 18/06/2011.

Vigorous physical activity and the neighborhood school environment: cross-sectional study. / Svastisalee, Chalida; Schipperijn, Jasper; Holstein, Bjørn Evald; Powell, Lisa M.; Due, Pernille.

2011. Abstract from ISBNPA Annual Meeting 2011, Melbourne, Australia.

Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

TY - ABST

T1 - Vigorous physical activity and the neighborhood school environment: cross-sectional study

AU - Svastisalee, Chalida

AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

AU - Holstein, Bjørn Evald

AU - Powell, Lisa M.

AU - Due, Pernille

PY - 2011/6

Y1 - 2011/6

N2 - Purpose: To investigate the association between likelihood of frequent vigorous physical activity (VPA) outside of school hours and aspects of the built environment that support exercise. Methods: Self-reported VPA measured in 6046 boys and girls in 80 schools. Multi-level logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between frequency of VPA and objective exercise resources within 2 km from each school. Results: Total walking paths was the strongest built environment correlate of frequent VPA. Boys from low socioeconomic backgrounds or attending schools with little walking paths had lower odds (OR = 0.66 and 0.68, respectively) of frequent VPA. Girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds had lower odds (OR = 0.62) of frequent VPA. Interactions between socioeconomic background and total paths showed a decreased likelihood of frequent VPA for boys and girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds attending schools with little urban green space (OR = 0.47 and 0.16 respectively). The cumulative effect of paths, street intersections, and number of sports facilities showed boys and girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds attending schools with low exposure were least likely to achieve frequent VPA (OR = 0.48 and 0.17, respectively). Conclusions: Findings of this study suggest that a lack of supportive physical activity surroundings may have a greater impact on children of low socioeconomic backgrounds than those from more privileged families. Thus, socioeconomic context needs to be considered as part of the physical activity landscape when exploring individual physical activity.

AB - Purpose: To investigate the association between likelihood of frequent vigorous physical activity (VPA) outside of school hours and aspects of the built environment that support exercise. Methods: Self-reported VPA measured in 6046 boys and girls in 80 schools. Multi-level logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between frequency of VPA and objective exercise resources within 2 km from each school. Results: Total walking paths was the strongest built environment correlate of frequent VPA. Boys from low socioeconomic backgrounds or attending schools with little walking paths had lower odds (OR = 0.66 and 0.68, respectively) of frequent VPA. Girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds had lower odds (OR = 0.62) of frequent VPA. Interactions between socioeconomic background and total paths showed a decreased likelihood of frequent VPA for boys and girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds attending schools with little urban green space (OR = 0.47 and 0.16 respectively). The cumulative effect of paths, street intersections, and number of sports facilities showed boys and girls from low socioeconomic backgrounds attending schools with low exposure were least likely to achieve frequent VPA (OR = 0.48 and 0.17, respectively). Conclusions: Findings of this study suggest that a lack of supportive physical activity surroundings may have a greater impact on children of low socioeconomic backgrounds than those from more privileged families. Thus, socioeconomic context needs to be considered as part of the physical activity landscape when exploring individual physical activity.

KW - physical activity

KW - youth

KW - neighborhood

KW - Socioeconomic Factors

KW - geography

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Svastisalee C, Schipperijn J, Holstein BE, Powell LM, Due P. Vigorous physical activity and the neighborhood school environment: cross-sectional study. 2011. Abstract from ISBNPA Annual Meeting 2011, Melbourne, Australia.