Validity of the Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire in European Older Adults Using English, Spanish, German and Danish Versions

Oriol Sansano-Nadal*, Jason J. Wilson, Carme Martín-Borràs, Jan Christian Brønd, Mathias Skjødt, Paolo Caserotti, Marta Roqué I Figuls, Nicole E. Blackburn, Jochen Klenk, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Myriam Guerra-Balic, Manel Font-Farré, Michael Denkinger, Laura Coll-Planas, Manuela Deidda, Emma McIntosh, Maria Giné-Garriga, Mark A. Tully

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The main aim of this study was to assess the criterion validity of the Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ) to measure SB in community-dwelling older adults using thigh-measured accelerometry as the criterion method. 801 participants (75.6 ± 6.1 years old, 57.6% females) provided valid thigh-based accelerometer data (activPAL/Axivity) and completed the SBQ. Criterion validity was assessed using Spearman’s Rho coefficients. Bland–Altman plots, including 95% limits of agreement and Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC), were used to assess the agreement between self-report and device-measured daily SB time. Strength of the association was examined using multiple linear regression. There was a weak correlation (Rho = 0.25, p < .001) between self-reported and device-based SB measures. The SBQ under-estimated daily SB time compared to accelerometry. Our results highlighted an overall weak-to-moderate correlation between measures, with significant differences between each country’s version. Researchers should be cautious when using the SBQ to provide an estimation of SB time in older adults.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMeasurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science
ISSN1091-367X
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20. May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • activpal
  • Axivity
  • older adults
  • Sedentary behavior

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