Validation of the PTSD-8 scale in chronic pain patients

Tonny Elmose Andersen, Maj Hansen, Sophie Lykkegaard Ravn, Renate Seehus, Manja Nielsen, Henrik Bjarke Vægter

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Objectives. The aim was to validate the short PTSD-8 scale against the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-1) for post-traumatic stress disorder and to test the latent structure of post-traumatic stress disorder in chronic pain patients. Methods. A total of 51 chronic nonmalignant pain patients exposed to a traumatic event were consecutively recruited from a multidisciplinary pain center. All participants answered a baseline questionnaire followed by the PTSD-8 and the diagnostic interview for PTSD. Finally, the latent structure of PTSD-8 was tested in a large cohort of 419 patients with chronic nonmalignant pain using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Results. In total, 33.3% had a diagnosis of PTSD. A good overall accuracy was found validating the PTSD-8 against the diagnostic interview. Convergent validity was indicated as the PTSD-8 correlated strongly with scores of depression and anxiety. The results of the CFA for the PTSD-8 three-factor structure provided excellent fit for the eight post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Conclusions. Overall, the results showed that the PTSD-8 is a valid short screening tool to assess possible post-traumatic stress disorder among patients with chronic pain. In addition, the PTSD-8 scale comprises all of the upcoming ICD-11 posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms within its eight items. Thus, the PTSD-8 is likely also to measure the proposed ICD-11 post-traumatic stress disorder.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPain Medicine
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1365–1372
Publication statusPublished - 1. Jul 2018


  • Chronic Pain
  • PTSD
  • PTSD-8
  • Post-traumatic Stress
  • Validation


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