Using kICS to Reveal Changed Membrane Diffusion of AQP-9 Treated with Drugs

Jakob Lavrsen Kure, Thommie Karlsson, Camilla Bertel Andersen, B. Christoffer Lagerholm, Vesa Loitto, Karl-Eric Magnusson, Eva C. Arnspang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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The formation of nanodomains in the plasma membrane are thought to be part of membrane proteins regulation and signaling. Plasma membrane proteins are often investigated by analyzing the lateral mobility. k-space ICS (kICS) is a powerful image correlation spectroscopy (ICS) technique and a valuable supplement to fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). Here, we study the diffusion of aquaporin-9 (AQP9) in the plasma membrane, and the effect of different membrane and cytoskeleton affecting drugs, and therefore nanodomain perturbing, using kICS. We measured the diffusion coefficient of AQP9 after addition of these drugs using live cell Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence imaging on HEK-293 cells. The actin polymerization inhibitors Cytochalasin D and Latrunculin A do not affect the diffusion coefficient of AQP9. Methyl-β-Cyclodextrin decreases GFP-AQP9 diffusion coefficient in the plasma membrane. Human epidermal growth factor led to an increase in the diffusion coefficient of AQP9. These findings led to the conclusion that kICS can be used to measure diffusion AQP9, and suggests that the AQP9 is not part of nanodomains.

Original languageEnglish
Article number568
Issue number8
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Diffusion
  • Image correlation spectroscopy
  • KICS
  • Nano-domains
  • Plasma membrane


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