Unidirectional single-photon emission from germanium-vacancy zero-phonon lines: Deterministic emitter-waveguide interfacing at plasmonic hot spots

Hamidreza Siampour*, Ou Wang, Vladimir A. Zenin, Sergejs Boroviks, Petr Siyushev, Yuanqing Yang, Valery A. Davydov, Liudmila F. Kulikova, Viatcheslav N. Agafonov, Alexander Kubanek, N. Asger Mortensen, Fedor Jelezko, Sergey I. Bozhevolnyi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearch

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Abstract

Striving for nanometer-sized solid-state single-photon sources, we investigate atom-like quantum emitters based on single germanium vacancy (GeV) centers isolated in crystalline nanodiamonds (NDs). Cryogenic characterization indicated symmetry-protected and bright (> 10^6 counts/s with off-resonance excitation) zero-phonon optical transitions with up to 6-fold enhancement in energy splitting of their ground states as compared to that found for GeV centers in bulk diamonds (i.e., up to 870 GHz in highly strained NDs vs 150 GHz in bulk). Utilizing lithographic alignment techniques, we demonstrate an integrated nanophotonic platform for deterministic interfacing plasmonic waveguides with isolated GeV centers in NDs that enables 10-fold enhancement of single-photon decay rates along with the emission direction control by judiciously designing and positioning a Bragg reflector. This approach allows one to realize the unidirectional emission from single-photon dipolar sources introducing a novel method that is alternative to the propagation-direction-dependent techniques based on chiral interactions or topological protection. The developed plasmon-based nanophotonic platform opens thereby new perspectives for quantum nanophotonics in general and for realizing entanglement between single photons and spin qubits, in particular.
Original languageEnglish
Journalarxiv.org
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 13. Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Cryogenic temperatures
  • GeV color centers
  • Unidirectional emission
  • Zero-phonon lines
  • single photon emission
  • nanodiamonds
  • waveguides
  • Bragg reflectors
  • quantum emitters

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