Two novel nonradioactive polymerase chain reaction-based assays of dried blood spots, genomic DNA, or whole cells for fast, reliable detection of Z and S mutations in the alpha 1-antitrypsin gene

B S Andresen, I Knudsen, P K Jensen, K Rasmussen, N Gregersen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Two new nonradioactive polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays for the Z and S mutations in the alpha 1-antitrypsin gene are presented. The assays take advantage of PCR-mediated mutagenesis, creating new diagnostic restriction enzyme sites for unambiguous discrimination between test samples from individuals who are normal, heterozygous, or homozygous for the mutations. We show that the two assays can be performed with purified genomic DNA as well as with boiled blood spots. The new assays were validated by parallel testing with a technique in which PCR is combined with allele-specific oligonucleotide (ASO) probes. In all cases tested the results obtained by the different techniques were in accordance. The new assays can be used for prenatal diagnostics and can be performed directly with boiled tissue samples. Because the new assays are easy to perform and reliable, we conclude that they are well suited for routine diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Chemistry
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)2100-7
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1992



  • Base Sequence
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chorionic Villi
  • DNA
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific
  • Female
  • Fetus
  • Heterozygote
  • Homozygote
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Placenta
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis
  • alpha 1-Antitrypsin
  • alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency

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