Truth-Sensitivity and Folk Epistemology

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    Abstract

    Several studies have found a robust effect of truth on epistemic evaluation of belief, decision, action andassertion. Thus, truth has a significant effect on normative participant evaluations. Some theorists take this truth effect to motivate factive epistemic norms of belief, action, assertion etc. In contrast, I argue that the truth effect is best understood as an epistemic instance of the familiar and ubiquitous phenomenon of outcome bias. I support this diagnosis from three interrelating perspectives: (1) by epistemological theorizing,(2) by considerations from cognitive psychology and (3) by methodological reflections on the relationship between folk epistemology and epistemological theorizing.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhilosophy and Phenomenological Research
    Volume100
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)3-25
    ISSN0031-8205
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

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