Trends in survival of epithelial ovarian/tubal cancer by histology and socioeconomic status in Denmark 1996–2017

M. T. Faber, T. A. Horsbøl, L. Baandrup, S. O. Dalton, S. K. Kjaer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To examine time trends in ovarian/tubal cancer relative survival, excess mortality, and all-cause mortality for different histological types and levels of socioeconomic position. Methods: Women with ovarian/tubal cancer diagnosed 1996–2017 were identified in the Danish Cancer Registry (n = 11,755). Age-standardized 5-year relative survival over time was estimated by histology, socioeconomic status, and stage. Furthermore, 5-year excess mortality rate ratios (EMRR) according to calendar time for all categories of histology and socioeconomic status were calculated using a Poisson regression model. Finally, all-cause mortality by histology and socioeconomic status was estimated in multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models. Results: Statistically significant improvements in 5-year relative survival occurred for all histological types over time except mucinous tumors (5-year EMRR, localized: 0.92 (95% CI: 0.71–1.16); advanced: 0.96 (95% CI: 0.85–1.08). Increase in relative survival over time and corresponding decrease in excess mortality was observed for all categories of socioeconomic status except for women with localized disease in the lowest income group (5-year EMRR = 0.91 (95% CI:0.76–1.10)). The impact of histology and socioeconomic status on all-cause mortality depended on time since diagnosis. Among the socioeconomic factors, especially low educational level and living alone were associated with increased all-cause mortality, particularly in the first year after diagnosis. Conclusions: Ovarian/tubal cancer survival generally increased over time across histological types and socioeconomic factors. However, the lack of improvement for mucinous tumors needs further research. Additionally, the results for women with low income and education shows that continued focus on social equality in survival is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGynecologic Oncology
Volume164
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)98-104
ISSN0090-8258
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • Histological types
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Survival
  • Tubal cancer

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