Treatment of non-IBD anal fistula

Lilli Lundby, Kikke Hagen, Peter Christensen, Steen Buntzen, Ole Thorlacius-Ussing, Jens Andersen, Marek Krupa, Niels Qvist

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The course of the fistula tract in relation to the anal sphincter is identified by clinical examination under general anaesthesia using a fistula probe and injection of fluid into the external fistula opening. In the event of a complex fistula or in the case of fistula recurrence, this should be supplemented with an endoluminal ultrasound scan and/or an MRI scan. St. Mark's fistula chart should be used for the description. Simple fistulas are amenable to fistulotomy, whereas treatment of complex fistulas requires special expertise and management of all available treatment modalities to tailor the right operation to the individual patient. The given levels of evidence and grades of recommendations are according to the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine (

Original languageEnglish
Article numberC5088
JournalDanish Medical Journal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2015


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