Transversals and independence in linear hypergraphs with maximum degree two

Michael A. Henning, Anders Yeo

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Abstract

For k ≥ 2, let H be a k-uniform hypergraph on n vertices and m edges. Let S be a set of vertices in a hypergraph H. The set S is a transversal if S intersects every edge of H, while the set S is strongly independent if no two vertices in S belong to a common edge. The transversal number, τ (H), of H is the minimum cardinality of a transversal in H, and the strong independence number of H, α(H), is the maximum cardinality of a strongly independent set in H. The hypergraph H is linear if every two distinct edges of H intersect in at most one vertex. Let Hk be the class of all connected, linear, k-uniform hypergraphs with maximum degree 2. It is known [European J. Combin. 36 (2014), 231–236] that if H ∈ Hk, then (k + 1)τ (H) 6 ≤ n + m, and there are only two hypergraphs that achieve equality in the bound. In this paper, we prove a much more powerful result, and establish tight upper bounds on τ (H) and tight lower bounds on α(H) that are achieved for infinite families of hypergraphs. More precisely, if k ≥ 3 is odd and H ∈ Hk has n vertices and m edges, then we prove that k(k2 −3)τ (H) ≤ (k−2)(k+ 1)n+ (k−1)2m+k−1 and k(k2 −3)α(H) ≥ (k2 +k −4)n−(k −1)2m−(k −1). Similar bounds are proven in the case when k ≥ 2 is even.

Original languageEnglish
Article number#P2.50
JournalElectronic Journal of Combinatorics
Volume24
Issue number2
Number of pages25
ISSN1097-1440
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Hypergraph
  • Linear hypergraph
  • Strong independence
  • Transversal

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