Time spent cycling, walking, running, standing and sedentary: a cross-sectional analysis of accelerometer-data from 1670 adults in the Copenhagen City Heart Study

Melker Staffan Johansson*, Mette Korshøj, Peter Schnohr, Jacob Louis Marott, Eva Irene Bossano Prescott, Karen Søgaard, Andreas Holtermann

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Information about how much time adults spend cycling, walking and running can be used for planning and evaluating initiatives for active, healthy societies. The objectives of this study were to describe how much time adult Copenhageners cycle, walk, run, stand and spend sedentary using accelerometers, and to describe differences between population groups.

METHODS: In the fifth examination of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, 2335 individuals gave consent to wear accelerometers (skin-attached; right thigh and iliac crest; 24 h/day, 7 consecutive days) of which 1670 fulfilled our inclusion criteria (≥16 h/day for ≥5 days; median wear time: 23.8 h/day). Daily time spent cycling, walking, running, standing and sedentary was derived from accelerometer-based data using the Acti4 software, and differences between sex, age groups, level of education and BMI were investigated using Kruskal-Wallis rank sum tests.

RESULTS: Among those cycling (61%), the median cycling time was 8.3 min/day. The median time walking, running, standing and sedentary was 82.6, 0.1, 182.5 and 579.1 min/day, respectively. About 88% walked fast (i.e., ≥100 steps/min) ≥30 min/day. The shortest duration and lowest prevalence of cycling, walking and running were found among older individuals, those with a low level of education, and individuals being overweight or obese.

CONCLUSIONS: We found a long duration and high prevalence of cycling and walking, but also that many adult Copenhageners spent much time sedentary. Population groups with low participation in physical activities such as cycling and walking should be targeted in future initiatives towards an active, healthy society.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1370
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume19
Number of pages13
ISSN1471-2458
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24. Oct 2019

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Cross-Sectional Studies
Education
Nonparametric Statistics
Sex Characteristics
Age Groups
Exercise
Skin

Keywords

  • Accelerometer
  • Adults
  • Cross-sectional study
  • General population
  • Older adults
  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behaviour
  • Stationary behaviours

Cite this

@article{2b188796071c4332ad774c360ff0aeb8,
title = "Time spent cycling, walking, running, standing and sedentary: a cross-sectional analysis of accelerometer-data from 1670 adults in the Copenhagen City Heart Study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Information about how much time adults spend cycling, walking and running can be used for planning and evaluating initiatives for active, healthy societies. The objectives of this study were to describe how much time adult Copenhageners cycle, walk, run, stand and spend sedentary using accelerometers, and to describe differences between population groups.METHODS: In the fifth examination of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, 2335 individuals gave consent to wear accelerometers (skin-attached; right thigh and iliac crest; 24 h/day, 7 consecutive days) of which 1670 fulfilled our inclusion criteria (≥16 h/day for ≥5 days; median wear time: 23.8 h/day). Daily time spent cycling, walking, running, standing and sedentary was derived from accelerometer-based data using the Acti4 software, and differences between sex, age groups, level of education and BMI were investigated using Kruskal-Wallis rank sum tests.RESULTS: Among those cycling (61{\%}), the median cycling time was 8.3 min/day. The median time walking, running, standing and sedentary was 82.6, 0.1, 182.5 and 579.1 min/day, respectively. About 88{\%} walked fast (i.e., ≥100 steps/min) ≥30 min/day. The shortest duration and lowest prevalence of cycling, walking and running were found among older individuals, those with a low level of education, and individuals being overweight or obese.CONCLUSIONS: We found a long duration and high prevalence of cycling and walking, but also that many adult Copenhageners spent much time sedentary. Population groups with low participation in physical activities such as cycling and walking should be targeted in future initiatives towards an active, healthy society.",
keywords = "Accelerometer, Adults, Cross-sectional study, General population, Older adults, Physical activity, Sedentary behaviour, Stationary behaviours",
author = "Johansson, {Melker Staffan} and Mette Korsh{\o}j and Peter Schnohr and Marott, {Jacob Louis} and Prescott, {Eva Irene Bossano} and Karen S{\o}gaard and Andreas Holtermann",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-019-7679-z",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
journal = "B M C Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

Time spent cycling, walking, running, standing and sedentary: a cross-sectional analysis of accelerometer-data from 1670 adults in the Copenhagen City Heart Study. / Johansson, Melker Staffan; Korshøj, Mette; Schnohr, Peter; Marott, Jacob Louis; Prescott, Eva Irene Bossano; Søgaard, Karen; Holtermann, Andreas.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 19, 1370, 24.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Time spent cycling, walking, running, standing and sedentary: a cross-sectional analysis of accelerometer-data from 1670 adults in the Copenhagen City Heart Study

AU - Johansson, Melker Staffan

AU - Korshøj, Mette

AU - Schnohr, Peter

AU - Marott, Jacob Louis

AU - Prescott, Eva Irene Bossano

AU - Søgaard, Karen

AU - Holtermann, Andreas

PY - 2019/10/24

Y1 - 2019/10/24

N2 - BACKGROUND: Information about how much time adults spend cycling, walking and running can be used for planning and evaluating initiatives for active, healthy societies. The objectives of this study were to describe how much time adult Copenhageners cycle, walk, run, stand and spend sedentary using accelerometers, and to describe differences between population groups.METHODS: In the fifth examination of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, 2335 individuals gave consent to wear accelerometers (skin-attached; right thigh and iliac crest; 24 h/day, 7 consecutive days) of which 1670 fulfilled our inclusion criteria (≥16 h/day for ≥5 days; median wear time: 23.8 h/day). Daily time spent cycling, walking, running, standing and sedentary was derived from accelerometer-based data using the Acti4 software, and differences between sex, age groups, level of education and BMI were investigated using Kruskal-Wallis rank sum tests.RESULTS: Among those cycling (61%), the median cycling time was 8.3 min/day. The median time walking, running, standing and sedentary was 82.6, 0.1, 182.5 and 579.1 min/day, respectively. About 88% walked fast (i.e., ≥100 steps/min) ≥30 min/day. The shortest duration and lowest prevalence of cycling, walking and running were found among older individuals, those with a low level of education, and individuals being overweight or obese.CONCLUSIONS: We found a long duration and high prevalence of cycling and walking, but also that many adult Copenhageners spent much time sedentary. Population groups with low participation in physical activities such as cycling and walking should be targeted in future initiatives towards an active, healthy society.

AB - BACKGROUND: Information about how much time adults spend cycling, walking and running can be used for planning and evaluating initiatives for active, healthy societies. The objectives of this study were to describe how much time adult Copenhageners cycle, walk, run, stand and spend sedentary using accelerometers, and to describe differences between population groups.METHODS: In the fifth examination of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, 2335 individuals gave consent to wear accelerometers (skin-attached; right thigh and iliac crest; 24 h/day, 7 consecutive days) of which 1670 fulfilled our inclusion criteria (≥16 h/day for ≥5 days; median wear time: 23.8 h/day). Daily time spent cycling, walking, running, standing and sedentary was derived from accelerometer-based data using the Acti4 software, and differences between sex, age groups, level of education and BMI were investigated using Kruskal-Wallis rank sum tests.RESULTS: Among those cycling (61%), the median cycling time was 8.3 min/day. The median time walking, running, standing and sedentary was 82.6, 0.1, 182.5 and 579.1 min/day, respectively. About 88% walked fast (i.e., ≥100 steps/min) ≥30 min/day. The shortest duration and lowest prevalence of cycling, walking and running were found among older individuals, those with a low level of education, and individuals being overweight or obese.CONCLUSIONS: We found a long duration and high prevalence of cycling and walking, but also that many adult Copenhageners spent much time sedentary. Population groups with low participation in physical activities such as cycling and walking should be targeted in future initiatives towards an active, healthy society.

KW - Accelerometer

KW - Adults

KW - Cross-sectional study

KW - General population

KW - Older adults

KW - Physical activity

KW - Sedentary behaviour

KW - Stationary behaviours

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-019-7679-z

DO - 10.1186/s12889-019-7679-z

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31651272

VL - 19

JO - B M C Public Health

JF - B M C Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 1370

ER -