Time pressure among parents in the Nordic countries: a population-based cross-sectional study

Hrafnhildur Gunnarsdottir, Max Petzold, Lene Povlsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of time pressure experienced by parents in the Nordic countries and examine potential gender disparities as well as associations to parents' family and/or living conditions.

METHODS: 5949 parents of children aged 2-17 years from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, participating in the 2011 version of the NordChild study, reported their experience of time pressure when keeping up with duties of everyday life. A postal questionnaire addressed to the most active caretaker of the child, was used for data gathering and logistic regression analysis applied.

RESULTS: The mother was regarded as the primary caregiver in 83.9% of the cases. Of the mothers, 14.2% reported that they experienced time pressure "most often", 54.7 % reported "sometimes" and 31.1 % reported they did "not" experience time pressure at all. Time pressure was experienced by 22.2 % of mothers in Sweden, 18.4% in Finland, 13.7% in Norway and 3.9% in Denmark, and could be associated to lack of support, high educational level, financial stress, young child age and working overtime.

CONCLUSIONS: The mother is regarded as the child's primary caregiver among the vast majority of families in spite of living in societies with gender-equal family policies. The results indicate that time pressure is embedded in everyday life of mainly highly-educated mothers and those experiencing financial stress and/or lack of social support. No conclusion could be made about time pressure from the "normbreaking" fathers participating in the study, but associations were found to financial stress and lack of support.

Original languageEnglish
Book seriesScandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement
Volume42
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)137-45
ISSN1403-4956
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Scandinavian and Nordic Countries
Cross-Sectional Studies
Parents
Mothers
Population
Denmark
Finland
Norway
Caregivers
Family Planning Policy
Fathers
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Fathers
  • Female
  • Finland
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mothers
  • Scandinavian and Nordic Countries
  • Sex Distribution
  • Social Support
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Management

Cite this

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title = "Time pressure among parents in the Nordic countries: a population-based cross-sectional study",
abstract = "AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of time pressure experienced by parents in the Nordic countries and examine potential gender disparities as well as associations to parents' family and/or living conditions.METHODS: 5949 parents of children aged 2-17 years from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, participating in the 2011 version of the NordChild study, reported their experience of time pressure when keeping up with duties of everyday life. A postal questionnaire addressed to the most active caretaker of the child, was used for data gathering and logistic regression analysis applied.RESULTS: The mother was regarded as the primary caregiver in 83.9{\%} of the cases. Of the mothers, 14.2{\%} reported that they experienced time pressure {"}most often{"}, 54.7 {\%} reported {"}sometimes{"} and 31.1 {\%} reported they did {"}not{"} experience time pressure at all. Time pressure was experienced by 22.2 {\%} of mothers in Sweden, 18.4{\%} in Finland, 13.7{\%} in Norway and 3.9{\%} in Denmark, and could be associated to lack of support, high educational level, financial stress, young child age and working overtime.CONCLUSIONS: The mother is regarded as the child's primary caregiver among the vast majority of families in spite of living in societies with gender-equal family policies. The results indicate that time pressure is embedded in everyday life of mainly highly-educated mothers and those experiencing financial stress and/or lack of social support. No conclusion could be made about time pressure from the {"}normbreaking{"} fathers participating in the study, but associations were found to financial stress and lack of support.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Fathers, Female, Finland, Health Status Disparities, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Mothers, Scandinavian and Nordic Countries, Sex Distribution, Social Support, Socioeconomic Factors, Stress, Psychological, Surveys and Questionnaires, Time Management",
author = "Hrafnhildur Gunnarsdottir and Max Petzold and Lene Povlsen",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1177/1403494813510984",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "137--45",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement",
issn = "1403-4956",
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number = "2",

}

Time pressure among parents in the Nordic countries : a population-based cross-sectional study. / Gunnarsdottir, Hrafnhildur; Petzold, Max; Povlsen, Lene.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2014, p. 137-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Time pressure among parents in the Nordic countries

T2 - a population-based cross-sectional study

AU - Gunnarsdottir, Hrafnhildur

AU - Petzold, Max

AU - Povlsen, Lene

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of time pressure experienced by parents in the Nordic countries and examine potential gender disparities as well as associations to parents' family and/or living conditions.METHODS: 5949 parents of children aged 2-17 years from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, participating in the 2011 version of the NordChild study, reported their experience of time pressure when keeping up with duties of everyday life. A postal questionnaire addressed to the most active caretaker of the child, was used for data gathering and logistic regression analysis applied.RESULTS: The mother was regarded as the primary caregiver in 83.9% of the cases. Of the mothers, 14.2% reported that they experienced time pressure "most often", 54.7 % reported "sometimes" and 31.1 % reported they did "not" experience time pressure at all. Time pressure was experienced by 22.2 % of mothers in Sweden, 18.4% in Finland, 13.7% in Norway and 3.9% in Denmark, and could be associated to lack of support, high educational level, financial stress, young child age and working overtime.CONCLUSIONS: The mother is regarded as the child's primary caregiver among the vast majority of families in spite of living in societies with gender-equal family policies. The results indicate that time pressure is embedded in everyday life of mainly highly-educated mothers and those experiencing financial stress and/or lack of social support. No conclusion could be made about time pressure from the "normbreaking" fathers participating in the study, but associations were found to financial stress and lack of support.

AB - AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of time pressure experienced by parents in the Nordic countries and examine potential gender disparities as well as associations to parents' family and/or living conditions.METHODS: 5949 parents of children aged 2-17 years from Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, participating in the 2011 version of the NordChild study, reported their experience of time pressure when keeping up with duties of everyday life. A postal questionnaire addressed to the most active caretaker of the child, was used for data gathering and logistic regression analysis applied.RESULTS: The mother was regarded as the primary caregiver in 83.9% of the cases. Of the mothers, 14.2% reported that they experienced time pressure "most often", 54.7 % reported "sometimes" and 31.1 % reported they did "not" experience time pressure at all. Time pressure was experienced by 22.2 % of mothers in Sweden, 18.4% in Finland, 13.7% in Norway and 3.9% in Denmark, and could be associated to lack of support, high educational level, financial stress, young child age and working overtime.CONCLUSIONS: The mother is regarded as the child's primary caregiver among the vast majority of families in spite of living in societies with gender-equal family policies. The results indicate that time pressure is embedded in everyday life of mainly highly-educated mothers and those experiencing financial stress and/or lack of social support. No conclusion could be made about time pressure from the "normbreaking" fathers participating in the study, but associations were found to financial stress and lack of support.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Child

KW - Child, Preschool

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - Fathers

KW - Female

KW - Finland

KW - Health Status Disparities

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Mothers

KW - Scandinavian and Nordic Countries

KW - Sex Distribution

KW - Social Support

KW - Socioeconomic Factors

KW - Stress, Psychological

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

KW - Time Management

U2 - 10.1177/1403494813510984

DO - 10.1177/1403494813510984

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24265164

VL - 42

SP - 137

EP - 145

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. Supplement

SN - 1403-4956

IS - 2

ER -