Thrombolysis significantly reduces transient myocardial ischaemia following first acute myocardial infarction

H Mickley, P Pless, J R Nielsen, J Berning, M Møller

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In order to investigate whether thrombolysis affects residual myocardial ischaemia, we prospectively performed a predischarge maximal exercise test and early out-of-hospital ambulatory ST segment monitoring in 123 consecutive men surviving a first acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Seventy-four patients fulfilled our criteria for thrombolysis, but only the last 35 patients included received thrombolytic therapy. As thrombolysis was not available in our Department at the start of the study, the first 39 patients included were conservatively treated (controls). No significant differences in baseline clinical characteristics were found between the two groups. In-hospital atrial fibrillation and digoxin therapy was more prevalent in controls (P less than 0.05). During exercise, thrombolysed patients reached a higher maximal work capacity compared with controls: 160 +/- 41 vs 139 +/- 34 W (P less than 0.02). Thrombolysis resulted in a non-significant reduction in exercise-induced ST segment depression: prevalence 43% vs 62% in controls. However, during ambulatory monitoring the duration of transient myocardial ischaemia was significantly reduced in thrombolysed patients: 322 min vs 1144 min in controls (P less than 0.05). Thrombolysed patients reached a higher heart rate during transient ischaemic episodes: 114 +/- 17 vs 93 +/- 11 b.min-1 in controls (P less than 0.001). In conclusion, thrombolytic therapy administered for a first AMI significantly reduces the burden of transient myocardial ischaemia. This may explain the improvement in myocardial function during physical activities, which was also observed in this study.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume13
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)484-90
Number of pages6
ISSN0195-668X
Publication statusPublished - 1. Apr 1992

Keywords

  • Coronary Circulation
  • Coronary Disease
  • Electrocardiography, Ambulatory
  • Exercise Test
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thrombolytic Therapy

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