Thermodynamic, Economic, and Environmental Analyses of a Waste-Fired Trigeneration Plant

H. Nami, A. Anvari-Moghaddam*, A. Arabkoohsar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The global energy matrix is going to embrace more and more renewable-based combined energy systems. Therefore, multi-generation energy systems, like CHPs (combined heat and power) could be extremely beneficial for such integrated energy systems. Also, the trend is toward 100% sustainable production where both renewable and waste energy sources are of special value. Especially, in Europe, waste incineration has received special attention over the past decades, as not only it is a smart method of waste disposal, but also a measure of cheap and environmentally friendly energy production. This study proposes a municipal waste-driven tri-generation (cold, heat, and power) system and assesses how this solution helps for easier integration of energy sectors and having a more sustainable chain of energy supply. Then, the solution is comprehensively analyzed over thorough thermodynamic, thermoeconomic, and thermoenvironmental investigations. The results of the assessments show that the proposed trigeneration system may effectively operate in any energy systems with simultaneous cold, heat, and power demands. Thermal, exergetic, fuel-to-power, fuel-to-heat, and fuel-to-cold efficiencies are found to be 83.28, 25.69, 23.49, 47.41, and 12.38%, respectively, while the payback period of 6 years is obtained based on the net present method.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2476
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • District cooling
  • District heating
  • Municipal waste-fired cchp
  • Thermoeconomic
  • Thermoenvironmental
  • Waste incineration


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