The Yo-Yo IE2 test: Physiological response for untrained men versus trained soccer players

Peter Krustrup, Paul S Bradley, Jesper F Christensen, Carlo Castagna, Sarah Jackman, Luke J Connolly, Morten B Randers, Magni Mohr, Jens Bangsbo

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the physical capacity and physiological response to the Yo-Yo Intermittent Endurance level 2 test (IE2) for untrained individuals (UTR) and trained male soccer players (TR) and to investigate the determinants of intense intermittent exercise performance.

METHODS: Thirty-four healthy UTR males and 15 age-matched TR performed a maximal incremental treadmill test and a Yo-Yo IE2 test. Muscle biopsies and blood samples were obtained, and heart rate (HR) was measured before, during, and after tests.

RESULTS: UTR had a 67% lower (P < 0.01) Yo-Yo IE2 performance (665 ± 271 vs 2027 ± 298 m; effect size (ES), 4.8), 34% lower V˙O2max (P < 0.01), and 19% lower resting muscle glycogen (P < 0.05) than those of TR. Blood lactate concentration and HR during the first 560 m of the Yo-Yo IE2 test were higher (P < 0.01) in UTR than those in TR (560 m, 7.4 ± 2.8 vs 2.4 ± 0.8 mM; ES, 1.7-2.8; 188 ± 11 vs 173 ± 8 bpm; ES, 0.9-1.5), with no differences at exhaustion. Time >95% HRmax was lower (P < 0.01) in UTR than that in TR (1.0 ± 1.1 vs 6.3 ± 2.9 min; ES, 3.1). Mean rates of muscle creatine phosphate utilization (16.5 ± 9.5 vs 4.3 ± 2.7 mmol·kg d.w·min), muscle lactate accumulation (16.8 ± 9.1 vs 4.2 ± 2.9 mmol·kg d.w.·min), and glycogen breakdown (29.6 ± 14.2 vs 7.7 ± 5.4 mmol·kg d.w.·min) were fourfold higher (P < 0.01; ES, 1.4-1.7) in UTR than those in TR. For UTR, correlations (P < 0.01) were observed between Yo-Yo IE2 performance and V˙O2max (r = 0.77), incremental treadmill test performance (r = 0.79), and muscle citrate synthase activity (r = 0.57) but not for TR (r = -0.12 to 0.50; P > 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The Yo-Yo IE2 test was shown to possess high construct validity by showing large differences in performance, HR, and anaerobic metabolism between UTR and TR. In addition, V˙O2max seemed to be important for intermittent exercise performance in UTR but not for TR.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume47
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)100-108
ISSN0195-9131
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Citrate (si)-Synthase
  • Exercise Test
  • Glycogen
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Lactic Acid
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Phosphocreatine
  • Physical Endurance
  • Physical Exertion
  • Physical Fitness
  • Soccer
  • Young Adult
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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