The Sounds of Metal: A Proposal for the Interpretation of Extreme Metal as Music

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In Part One, it is suggested that sounds that are heard as music – rather than just as sounds simpliciter – are sounds that are heard counterfactually. Counterfactual hearing is the apprehension of sounds as if they were something else, something that in itself is not a sequence of sounds. In Part Two, I propose that this framework allows for at least a theoretical distinction between the way in which extreme metal – e.g. black metal, doom metal, funeral doom metal, death metal – relates to its sound as music and the way in which much other music may be conceived of as being constituted by sound.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModern Heavy Metal: Markets, Practices and Cultures : International Academic Research Conference, June 8–12, 2015, Helsinki, Finland PROCEEDINGS
EditorsToni-Matti Karjalainen, Kimi Kärki
Place of PublicationHelsinki
PublisherAalto University
Publication date2015
ISBN (Print)978-952-60-6217-4 (Printed), 978-951-29-6174-0 (PDF), 1797-318X (Printed)
ISBN (Electronic)1797-318X
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventHeavy Metal: Markets, Practices and Cultures - Aalto University (School of Business), Helsinki, Finland
Duration: 8. Jun 201512. Jun 2015


ConferenceHeavy Metal: Markets, Practices and Cultures
LocationAalto University (School of Business)


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