The Potential of Additive Manufacturing for Technology Entrepreneurship: An Integrative Technology Assessment

Johannes Gartner, Daniela Maresch, Matthias Fink

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Abstract

Additive manufacturing (AM) is likely to contribute considerably to key targets of innovation policy such as employment, R&D and education. The expectations of those engaged in AM, such as providers, users and policy makers, regarding the potential of this technology influence its future development and thus create opportunities for technology entrepreneurship. Therefore, these expectations need to be researched so that opportunities for technology entrepreneurship can be identified. Based on prospect theory, we employ an integrative approach to online-based technology assessment. Using the outcome of a constructive technology assessment (CTA) as a reference, a comparison with the results of a traditional technology assessments (TTA) derived from the policy makers enables us to identify the need for action regarding the allocation of public resources. Further, the comparison of the outcome of our CTA with the TTA derived from the general public shows the need to establish a public opinion on AM that legitimizes AM-related innovation policies. The approach of an integrative technology assessment proves useful, as we can deduce concrete recommendations for action on innovation policy based on our empirical findings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCreativity and Innovation Management
Volume24
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)585-600
Number of pages16
ISSN0963-1690
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

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3D printers
Innovation
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Technology entrepreneurship
Technology assessment
Innovation policy
Education

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title = "The Potential of Additive Manufacturing for Technology Entrepreneurship: An Integrative Technology Assessment",
abstract = "Additive manufacturing (AM) is likely to contribute considerably to key targets of innovation policy such as employment, R&D and education. The expectations of those engaged in AM, such as providers, users and policy makers, regarding the potential of this technology influence its future development and thus create opportunities for technology entrepreneurship. Therefore, these expectations need to be researched so that opportunities for technology entrepreneurship can be identified. Based on prospect theory, we employ an integrative approach to online-based technology assessment. Using the outcome of a constructive technology assessment (CTA) as a reference, a comparison with the results of a traditional technology assessments (TTA) derived from the policy makers enables us to identify the need for action regarding the allocation of public resources. Further, the comparison of the outcome of our CTA with the TTA derived from the general public shows the need to establish a public opinion on AM that legitimizes AM-related innovation policies. The approach of an integrative technology assessment proves useful, as we can deduce concrete recommendations for action on innovation policy based on our empirical findings.",
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The Potential of Additive Manufacturing for Technology Entrepreneurship : An Integrative Technology Assessment. / Gartner, Johannes; Maresch, Daniela; Fink, Matthias.

In: Creativity and Innovation Management, Vol. 24, No. 4, 01.12.2015, p. 585-600.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Gartner, Johannes

AU - Maresch, Daniela

AU - Fink, Matthias

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