The Legal Relations of the European Union with the Vatican City State and Holy See

Graham Butler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The EU has differentiated legal relationships with its nearest geographical neighbours. Arguably none is more unique than that of the EU with the Vatican City State (and by extension, the Holy See). Between the parties is a mere ‘monetary agreement’ that facilitates the official use of the single currency in the territory. It is the only bilateral legal commitment that the parties have undertaken. Yet, this apparent simplicity masks a deeper reality. In fact, the monetary agreement currently in place, which replaced a prior monetary agreement, has now de facto put in an institutional framework on the legal relations of the EU with the Vatican City State and Holy See, with a Joint Committee to govern monetary arrangements, and an obligation to implement, in its own way, EU financial regulation. The monetary agreement also provides for jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union to settle disputes arising therefrom. This articles contextualises and analyses the legal relations of the EU with the Vatican City State and Holy See, and argues that more embedded legal relations in the future will be inevitable, leading beyond a mere monetary agreement, but one leading to the adopting of a more sophisticated international agreement.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Foreign Affairs Review
Volume27
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)263-282
ISSN1384-6299
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • EU
  • EU acquis
  • Holy See
  • Monetary agreement
  • Vatican City

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Legal Relations of the European Union with the Vatican City State and Holy See'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this