The impact of patient characteristics and tumor biology on the accuracy of preoperative staging of colon cancer in Denmark: A nationwide cohort study

Malene Roland V. Pedersen*, Søren Rafael Rafaelsen, Jan Lindebjerg, Torben Frøstrup Hansen, Hans Bjarke Rahr

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background: Colon cancer is a common disease in western populations. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency and other patient and tumor characteristics on the accuracy of preoperative staging by comparing histopathological T-and N-categories of the resected specimen with the preoperative clinical stage in a nationwide cohort of patients treated for colon cancer by elective bowel resection with curative intent. Methods: A register study of a cohort extracted from the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group (DCCG) database, which holds prospective data on all new cases of colon and rectum cancer in Denmark. Patients diagnosed with colon cancer and treated with an elective bowel resection with curative intent in the years 2016–2019 were analyzed. Results: A total of 6102 patients were included (n = 3161 (52%) men and n = 2941 (48%) women) with a median age of 72 years (range 23–97 years). MMR was deficient in 24% of the patients and proficient in 76%. MMR deficiency, tumor sidedness and histopathological type were significant predictors of the accuracy of preoperative staging of colon cancer in univariate and multivariate analysis. MMR status in particular showed a strong impact on the risk of overstaging. Conclusions: MMR deficiency, but also tumor sidedness and to some degree histopathological type, impacted the accuracy of preoperative staging of colon cancer. MMR status should be taken into consideration in everyday clinical staging.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4384
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number17
Number of pages10
ISSN2072-6694
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Colon cancer
  • Mismatch repair
  • Registry study
  • Tumor staging

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