The impact of occupancy resolution on the accuracy of building energy performance simulation

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Using Building Performance Simulation (BPS) is nowadays a standard practice in building design, building operation and energy management, model predictive control, fault detection and diagnosis applications. One of the major factors affecting the energy performance of buildings is occupancy. In this study, we analyze the impact of different resolutions of occupancy count profiles on BPS accuracy. These occupancy count profiles are obtained from a large educational building. These profiles includes: (1) whole-building occupancy distributed evenly across building zones, (2) detailed zone-level occupancy estimated from stereo-vision cameras and WiFi sensors. Simulations were carried out using a detailed white-box model implemented in EnergyPlus and validated against ground truth data. A comparison of the ground truth data with obtained simulation results indicate that the increased resolution of occupancy data does not necessarily improve the overall building energy consumption accuracy, but improves only occupancy-related results, e.g. ventilation energy consumption.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th Conference on Systems for Built Environments
EditorsGowri Sankar Ramachandran, Nipun Batra
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Publication date7. Nov 2018
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4503-5951-1
Publication statusPublished - 7. Nov 2018
Event5th Conference on Systems for Built Environments - Shenzen, China
Duration: 7. Nov 20188. Nov 2018
Conference number: 5


Conference5th Conference on Systems for Built Environments


  • Building Performance Simulation
  • Energy Optimization
  • Occupancy

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