The effect of an occupation-based intervention in patients with hand-related disorders grouped using the sense of coherence scale: Study protocol

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Abstract

Introduction: High-quality rehabilitation is required if patients with hand-related disorders are to achieve high levels of functioning. Occupation-based interventions are effective in stroke, hip fractures, and for elderly people, but there is limited knowledge of their effect in hand therapy. Sense of coherence may affect rehabilitation outcome, since patients with weak sense of coherence experience lower functioning, are less satisfied with their occupational performance, have inferior quality of life and more pain compared to patients with stronger sense of coherence. Method: Following SPIRIT guidelines, we present a randomized, controlled, parallel-grouped trial. It investigates the effect of an occupation-based intervention for outpatients with hand-related disorders and whether sense of coherence influences the outcomes. Patients are stratified into three groups (weak, medium and strong sense of coherence) and randomized to occupation-based or exercise-based hand therapy. Sample size calculation indicates that 70 patients are required in each intervention in each separate sense of coherence group. With an expected drop-out of 20%, a total of 504 participants will be randomized. Primary analysis is score change in functioning measured by the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand from start of rehabilitation to three months’ follow-up. Secondary outcomes are self-evaluated occupational performance and satisfaction with occupational performance. Conclusion: This study will add valuable knowledge to the field of hand therapy regarding the therapeutic use of occupations that patients find meaningful. Moreover, it may show which patients will benefit the most from an occupation- based intervention in relation to their sense of coherence.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHand Therapy
Volume21
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)90–99
ISSN1758-9983
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Hand injury
  • Hand therapy
  • Occupational performance
  • Randomized controlled trial
  • SOC-13

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