The coverage of influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations among people living with HIV in Denmark: A single-center cross-sectional survey

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Abstract

Annual influenza vaccination is recommended for all people living with HIV (PLWH), and so is pneumococcal vaccination at least once. This is due to higher incidence rates for both infections among PLWH, compared to HIV negative, even in the later highly active antiretroviral therapy era. To clarify the uptake of and attitude toward both vaccines among PLWH in Denmark, a survey on self-reported vaccine uptake was performed during 2017. Analyses identifying factors associated with vaccine uptake in the latest season for 203 participants were performed. Both influenza and pneumococcal vaccination uptake are low among PLWH in Denmark, 31.0% and 4.4%, respectively. Previous vaccination against influenza had the highest impact on influenza vaccine uptake, and lack of immunization guidance lowers the likelihood. Interventions to improve vaccination coverage are needed, such as increased awareness about guidelines and physician education.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHuman Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Volume17
Issue number10
ISSN2164-5515
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25. Mar 2021

Keywords

  • HIV
  • immunization
  • influenza
  • pneumococcal disease
  • vaccine coverage

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