The burden of selected diseases among older people in Denmark

Henrik Brønnum-Hansen, Knud Juel, Michael Davidsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the health impact of specific diseases. METHOD: Life tables and health survey data are combined to estimate expected lifetime with and without long-standing illness. We compared estimates based on observed rates of mortality and prevalence of illness with those based on hypothetical rates from which a specific disease has been eliminated. RESULTS: Life expectancy would increase by 4.0 years for 65-year-olds if circulatory diseases are eliminated, and the proportion of expected lifetime without long-standing, limiting illness would increase from 59.2% to 66.5% for men and from 52.2% to 55.6% for women. Elimination of musculoskeletal diseases would not change life expectancy but would increase the proportion of expected lifetime without long-standing illness. CONCLUSIONS: Because of comorbidity, more years of illness are to be expected if lethal diseases are to be eliminated. Elimination of nonfatal diseases would mainly transfer years with long-standing illness to years without illness.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume18
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)491-506
Number of pages15
ISSN0898-2643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Aug 2006

Fingerprint

Denmark
Life Expectancy
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Disease Eradication
Health Surveys
Comorbidity
Health

Keywords

  • Aged
  • Cost of Illness
  • Denmark
  • Female
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Life Expectancy
  • Male
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality

Cite this

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title = "The burden of selected diseases among older people in Denmark",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the health impact of specific diseases. METHOD: Life tables and health survey data are combined to estimate expected lifetime with and without long-standing illness. We compared estimates based on observed rates of mortality and prevalence of illness with those based on hypothetical rates from which a specific disease has been eliminated. RESULTS: Life expectancy would increase by 4.0 years for 65-year-olds if circulatory diseases are eliminated, and the proportion of expected lifetime without long-standing, limiting illness would increase from 59.2{\%} to 66.5{\%} for men and from 52.2{\%} to 55.6{\%} for women. Elimination of musculoskeletal diseases would not change life expectancy but would increase the proportion of expected lifetime without long-standing illness. CONCLUSIONS: Because of comorbidity, more years of illness are to be expected if lethal diseases are to be eliminated. Elimination of nonfatal diseases would mainly transfer years with long-standing illness to years without illness.",
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The burden of selected diseases among older people in Denmark. / Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik; Juel, Knud; Davidsen, Michael.

In: Journal of Aging and Health, Vol. 18, No. 4, 01.08.2006, p. 491-506.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Brønnum-Hansen, Henrik

AU - Juel, Knud

AU - Davidsen, Michael

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AB - OBJECTIVE: The study evaluated the health impact of specific diseases. METHOD: Life tables and health survey data are combined to estimate expected lifetime with and without long-standing illness. We compared estimates based on observed rates of mortality and prevalence of illness with those based on hypothetical rates from which a specific disease has been eliminated. RESULTS: Life expectancy would increase by 4.0 years for 65-year-olds if circulatory diseases are eliminated, and the proportion of expected lifetime without long-standing, limiting illness would increase from 59.2% to 66.5% for men and from 52.2% to 55.6% for women. Elimination of musculoskeletal diseases would not change life expectancy but would increase the proportion of expected lifetime without long-standing illness. CONCLUSIONS: Because of comorbidity, more years of illness are to be expected if lethal diseases are to be eliminated. Elimination of nonfatal diseases would mainly transfer years with long-standing illness to years without illness.

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