The association between childhood motor performance and developmental trajectories of sport participation over 5 years in Danish students aged 6–16-year-old

Charlotte Raadkjær Lykkegaard*, Helene Støttrup Andersen, Sonja Wehberg, Sinead Holden, Frans Boch Waldorff, Jens Søndergaard, Lisbeth Runge Larseng, Heidi Klakk, Niels Wedderkopp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Sports participation has potential to promote physical activity in youth. Unfortunately, sports participation and physical activity may decline from childhood to adolescence and into adulthood. Globally, only 20% of 13–15-year-olds meet the World Health Organisation recommendations for physical activity. This study aimed to investigate the 5-year trajectories of sports participation and their association with baseline motor performance in Danish school children as part of the Childhood Health Activity and Motor Performance School Study-Denmark (CHAMPS-DK), a school-based physical activity intervention study which investigated the health benefits of increased physical education lessons. Five distinct trajectories were identified, with group 1 maintained a stable trajectory of little to no sports participation, and group 2 showing a low decreasing trend. Group 3–5, the most sports active, demonstrated increasing sport participation at different rates. Baseline motor performance score was associated with the two most active sports participation groups. Students who were more physically active during school hours participated less in organised leisure time sports. This suggest focusing on improving motor performance in youth may support future sports participation and thus health-related physical activity. But also, that it might be necessary to engage and maintain children and adolescents in leisure time sports while implementing physical activity promotion interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4133
JournalScientific Reports
Volume13
Number of pages11
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13. Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding for this study has been provided by Fysioterapipraksisfonden. Funding for the CHAMPS-study DK has been provided by: The Tryg Foundation, University College Lillebaelt, University of Southern Denmark, The Nordea Foundation, The IMK Foundation, The Region of Southern Denmark, The Egmont Foundation, The A.J. Andersen Foundation, The Danish Rheumatism Association, Oestifternes Foundation, Brd. Hartmann’s Foundation, Team Denmark, The Danish Chiropractor Foundation, The Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics. The funding body had no role in the design of the study, nor in the collection, interpretation, or publication of data.

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