The antianginal efficacy and tolerability of controlled-release metoprolol once daily: a comparison with conventional metoprolol tablets twice daily

K Egstrup, T Gundersen, R Härkönen, E Karlsson, B Lundgren

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over study treatment with a new controlled-release (CR) preparation of metoprolol, given once daily, was compared with treatment with conventional metoprolol tablets, given twice daily, in 115 patients with stable effort angina pectoris. The patients were treated with 100 mg/day or 200 mg/day, depending on their previous beta-blocker dose. Antianginal efficacy was estimated by counting the number of anginal attacks, by noting the consumption of nitroglycerin tablets, and by exercise tolerance testing. Adverse effects were recorded by a standardized questionnaire. When all patients were analysed together there were no differences in antianginal efficacy between the two treatment regimens. However, when the group taking 200 mg daily was analysed separately better exercise tolerance was found during metoprolol CR therapy, as measured by onset of chest pain and ST-segment change, compared with conventional metoprolol therapy. The two formulations were well tolerated. When given once daily in a total daily dose of 100 mg, the CR preparation induced less adverse effects than the conventional tablets, 50 mg twice daily. It was concluded that the new metoprolol CR preparation, given once daily, possesses the same antianginal efficacy as conventional metoprolol tablets, given twice daily, and may be better tolerated in patients susceptible to side-effects. The antianginal effect of metoprolol CR, 200 mg/day, may be greater over 24 h than that produced by conventional metoprolol tablets, 100 mg twice daily.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume33 Suppl
Pages (from-to)S45-9
ISSN0031-6970
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angina Pectoris
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Drug Tolerance
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metoprolol
  • Middle Aged
  • Physical Exertion
  • Random Allocation
  • Tablets
  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Journal Article
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

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