Tetracritical behavior in strongly interacting theories

Francesco Sannino, Kimmo Tuominen

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We suggest a tetracritical fixed point to naturally occur in strongly interacting theories. As a fundamental example we analyze the temperature--quark chemical potential phase diagram of QCD with fermions in the adjoint representation of the gauge group (i.e. adjoint QCD). Here we show that such a non trivial multicritical point exists and is due to the interplay between the spontaneous breaking of a global U(1) symmetry and the center group symmetry associated to confinement. Our results demonstrate that taking confinement into account is essential for understanding the critical behavior as well as the full structure of the phase diagram of adjoint QCD. This is in contrast to ordinary QCD where the center group symmetry associated to confinement is explicitly broken when the quarks are part of the theory.
Original languageEnglish
Article number034019
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1. Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes


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RevTex, 5 figures. Final version to appear in PRD

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