Tailoring iridium-palladium nanoparticles with Ir-rich skin: a highly durable anode electrocatalyst for acidic water electrolysis via a facile microwave-assisted chemical reduction method

Swapnil Sanjay Karade, Raghunandan Sharma*, Per Morgen, Darko Makovec, Sašo Gyergyek, Shuang Ma Andersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Electrochemical water splitting under acidic conditions is a clean way towards producing hydrogen fuels. The slow kinetics of the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) at the anode is currently a bottleneck for commercial acceptance of this technology. Therefore, arriving at more efficient and sustainable OER electrocatalysts is highly desirable. We here demonstrate the synthesis of iridium-palladium (IrPd) alloy nanoparticles (2-5 nm) with variable average composition (Ir : Pd = 1 : 0, 1 : 1, 1 : 3, 1 : 6, 1 : 9 and 0 : 1) using a facile one-pot microwave-assisted chemical reduction method. The IrPd nanoparticles show structure- and composition-dependent OER performance in acidic media. Utilizing different reduction strengths and precursor ratios, successful alloy catalysts were prepared with Ir-rich skin and sublayers of different Pd compositions. Their structures were revealed using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and hydrogen underpotential deposition (Hupd) studies. It turned out that (1) the alloy OER catalyst also has a high electrochemically active surface area for hydrogen adsorption/desorption, (2) the OER performance is strongly dependent on the surface Ir contribution and (3) the intact Ir skin is essential for electrocatalyst stability.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume26
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)9060-9072
ISSN1463-9076
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24. Mar 2024

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