Two highly specific biomolecular recognition events, nucleic acid duplex hybridization and DNA-peptide recognition in the minor groove, were coalesced in a miniature ensemble for the first time by covalently attaching a natural AT-hook peptide motif to nucleic acid duplexes via a 2'-amino-LNA scaffold. A combination of molecular dynamics simulations and ultraviolet thermal denaturation studies revealed high sequence-specific affinity of the peptide-oligonucleotide conjugates (POCs) when binding to complementary DNA strands, leveraging the bioinformation encrypted in the minor groove of DNA duplexes. The significant cooperative DNA duplex stabilization may pave the way toward further development of POCs with enhanced affinity and selectivity toward target sequences carrying peptide-binding genetic islands.
- Binding Sites
- Hydrogen Bonding
- Molecular Dynamics Simulation
- Nucleic Acid Conformation
- Nucleic Acid Heteroduplexes/chemistry
- Proof of Concept Study
- Protein Conformation