Surface guided radiotherapy (SGRT) improves breast cancer patient setup accuracy

Malin Kügele, Annika Mannerberg, Susanne Nørring Bekke, Sara Alkner, Lovisa Berg, Faisal Mahmood, Charlotte Thornberg, Anneli Edvardsson, Sven Å J Bäck, Claus F Behrens, Sofie Ceberg

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Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate if surface guided radiotherapy (SGRT) can decrease setup deviations for tangential and locoregional breast cancer patients compared to conventional laser-based setup (LBS). Materials and Methods: Both tangential (63 patients) and locoregional (76 patients) breast cancer patients were enrolled in this study. For LBS, the patients were positioned by aligning skin markers to the room lasers. For the surface based setup (SBS), an optical surface scanning system was used for daily setup using both single and three camera systems. To compare the two setup methods, the patient position was evaluated using verification imaging (field images or orthogonal images). Results: For both tangential and locoregional treatments, SBS decreased the setup deviation significantly compared to LBS (P < 0.01). For patients receiving tangential treatment, 95% of the treatment sessions were within the clinical tolerance of ≤ 4 mm in any direction (lateral, longitudinal or vertical) using SBS, compared to 84% for LBS. Corresponding values for patients receiving locoregional treatment were 70% and 54% for SBS and LBS, respectively. No significant difference was observed comparing the setup result using a single camera system or a three camera system. Conclusions: Conventional laser-based setup can with advantage be replaced by surface based setup. Daily SGRT improves patient setup without additional imaging dose to breast cancer patients regardless if a single or three camera system was used.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)61-68
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019


  • interfraction motion
  • optical surface scanning
  • patient positioning
  • surface guided radiotherapy


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