Objective: To compare the occurrence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss following immunization with BNT162b2 (Comirnaty®; Pfizer BioNTech) or mRNA-1273 (Spikevax®; Moderna) to the occurrence among unvaccinated individuals. Study Design: Cohort study. Setting: Nationwide Danish health care registers comprised all Danish residents living in Denmark on October 1, 2020, who were 18 years or older or turned 18 in 2021. Methods: We compared the occurrence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss following immunization with BNT162b2 (Comirnaty®; Pfizer BioNTech) or mRNA-1273 (Spikevax®; Moderna) (first, second, or third dose) against unvaccinated person time. Secondary outcomes were a first-ever hospital diagnosis of vestibular neuritis and a hearing examination, by an ear-nose-throat (ENT) specialist, followed by a prescription of moderate to high-dose prednisolone. Results: BNT162b2 or mRNA-1273 vaccine was not associated with an increased risk of receiving a discharge diagnosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 0.99, confidence interval [CI]: 0.59-1.64) or vestibular neuritis (adjusted HR: 0.94, CI: 0.69-1.24). We found a slightly increased risk (adjusted HR: 1.40, CI, 1.08-1.81) of initiating moderate to high-dose oral prednisolone following a visit to an ENT specialist within 21 days from receiving a messenger RNA (mRNA)-based Covid-19 vaccine. Conclusion: Our findings do not suggest an increased risk of sudden sensorineural hearing loss or vestibular neuritis following mRNA-based COVID-19 vaccination. mRNA-Covid-19 vaccination may be associated with a small excess risk of a visit to an ENT specialist visit followed by a prescription of moderate to high doses of prednisolone.
|Journal||Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 2023|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation.
- BNT162 vaccine
- mRNA vaccine
- mRNA-1273 Vaccine
- sudden sensorineural hearing loss
- vestibular neuritis