The role of stress in relation to cancer remains controversial. Stress is assumed to be an emerging public health problem in modern society. Still, we argue that it is relevant to view the role of stress in cancer from a scientific point of view. A critical overview of existing evidence is presented through previous review studies, and the importance of methodological challenges is highlighted. We summarize the evidence on the role of stress as a cause of cancer, on the impact of stress on cancer prognosis, and on how coping mechanisms may influence stress levels in cancer patients. Finally, we describe the evidence on interventions to relieve stress in cancer patients for the purpose of improving both well-being and cancer prognosis. Against public opinion, we critically dismiss the evidence on psychotherapy as a tool to prolong life after cancer as inconsistent and unresolved.
|Translated title of the contribution||Stress og kræft|
|Title of host publication||The Handbook of Stress and Health : A Guide to Research and Practice|
|Editors||Cary L. Cooper, James Campbell Quick|
|Commissioning body||Kræftens Bekæmpelse|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|