Stranger rape; distinctions between the typical rape type and other types of rape. A study based on data from Center for Victims of Sexual Assault

Anne Mie Friis-Rødel, Peter Mygind Leth, Birgitte Schmidt Astrup*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

111 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this descriptive cohort study was to characterize stranger rape compared to other types of rape. Method & Materials: All cases of women aged 12 years or older, who contacted a Center for Victims of Sexual Assault in the region of Southern Denmark and underwent a forensic examination in 2018, were collected and analyzed. Descriptive frequencies, Pearson's χ2-test and Fisher's exact-test were performed. Results: Compared to other types of rape, stranger rape were reported to the police more frequently, earlier and more frequently independently, without contact to family, friends or other authorities. In cases of stranger rape women were exposed to threats and violence more often, and clinical findings were found to coincide with the women's report more frequently. Regarding the offenders' level of planning, it was not possible to find significant differences between stranger rape and other rape types by comparing frequencies of the offenders' use of condoms and weapons and/or other remedies as surrogate markers for degree of planning. Conclusion: There were several significant characteristic differences between stranger rape and other types of rape. Characterizing the ‘archetypical rape’ in opposition to other and more frequent types of rape, may give the public, the police, the courts and aid organizations the background needed to understand the importance of rape typologies when handling cases of sexual assault.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102159
JournalJournal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Volume80
ISSN1752-928X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine

Keywords

  • Center for victims of sexual assault
  • Rape
  • Rape typology
  • Sexual assault
  • Stranger rape

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Stranger rape; distinctions between the typical rape type and other types of rape. A study based on data from Center for Victims of Sexual Assault'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this