Societal and environmental impact of high energy return on investment (EROI) energy access

Reynir Smari Atlason, Runar Unnthorsson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The Icelandic society is conveniently located where the Eurasian and North-American tectonic plates meet. This allows for relatively easy and cheap access to geothermal energy. Icelanders have benefited from this since settlement, first through direct use of the warm water but later on by co-producing electricity. The nation also benefits from large glacial rivers, offering potential for energy harvesting. This chapter demonstrates the environmental benefits from utilising renewable energy, using Iceland as a case study. This is demonstrated by exploring the energy return on investment (EROI) for the Nesjavellir geothermal and Fljotsdalsstod hydro power plant and the CO2 mitigation provided by the resources as the Icelandic society no longer needs to rely on fossil fuels for electricity and heating. This chapter demonstrates systematically how societies may benefit ecologically but also energetically from access to renewable energy sources.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRenewable energies : business outlook 2050
EditorsFausto Pedro Garcia Marquez, Alexander Karyotakis, Mayorkinos Papaelias
PublisherSpringer
Publication date2018
Pages127-148
ISBN (Print)9783319453620
ISBN (Electronic)9783319456444
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

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environmental impact
electricity
energy
tectonic plate
geothermal energy
warm water
fossil fuel
power plant
mitigation
heating
resource
river
society
renewable energy source

Cite this

Atlason, R. S., & Unnthorsson, R. (2018). Societal and environmental impact of high energy return on investment (EROI) energy access. In F. P. G. Marquez, A. Karyotakis, & M. Papaelias (Eds.), Renewable energies: business outlook 2050 (pp. 127-148). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45364-4
Atlason, Reynir Smari ; Unnthorsson, Runar. / Societal and environmental impact of high energy return on investment (EROI) energy access. Renewable energies: business outlook 2050. editor / Fausto Pedro Garcia Marquez ; Alexander Karyotakis ; Mayorkinos Papaelias. Springer, 2018. pp. 127-148
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Atlason, RS & Unnthorsson, R 2018, Societal and environmental impact of high energy return on investment (EROI) energy access. in FPG Marquez, A Karyotakis & M Papaelias (eds), Renewable energies: business outlook 2050. Springer, pp. 127-148. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45364-4

Societal and environmental impact of high energy return on investment (EROI) energy access. / Atlason, Reynir Smari ; Unnthorsson, Runar.

Renewable energies: business outlook 2050. ed. / Fausto Pedro Garcia Marquez; Alexander Karyotakis; Mayorkinos Papaelias. Springer, 2018. p. 127-148.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

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AB - The Icelandic society is conveniently located where the Eurasian and North-American tectonic plates meet. This allows for relatively easy and cheap access to geothermal energy. Icelanders have benefited from this since settlement, first through direct use of the warm water but later on by co-producing electricity. The nation also benefits from large glacial rivers, offering potential for energy harvesting. This chapter demonstrates the environmental benefits from utilising renewable energy, using Iceland as a case study. This is demonstrated by exploring the energy return on investment (EROI) for the Nesjavellir geothermal and Fljotsdalsstod hydro power plant and the CO2 mitigation provided by the resources as the Icelandic society no longer needs to rely on fossil fuels for electricity and heating. This chapter demonstrates systematically how societies may benefit ecologically but also energetically from access to renewable energy sources.

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Atlason RS, Unnthorsson R. Societal and environmental impact of high energy return on investment (EROI) energy access. In Marquez FPG, Karyotakis A, Papaelias M, editors, Renewable energies: business outlook 2050. Springer. 2018. p. 127-148 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45364-4