Social inequality in lifestyle, motivation to change lifestyle and received health advice in individuals with diabetes: A nationwide study

Marie B Andersen, Anne-Sofie D Bjørkman, Maria Pedersen, Ola Ekholm, Stig Molsted

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Aims: The aim was to investigate the association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking, motivation to change lifestyle and health advices from general practitioners (GPs) in individuals with diabetes. Methods: Data were provided by the Danish National Health Survey 2013 and 7504 adults (⩾ 40 years) with diabetes were included. Educational level was used as SEP indicator and categorized into low, middle and high SEP. Dependent variables included physical activity, alcohol consumption, smoking, motivation to change lifestyle and GP lifestyle advices. Multiple logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, body mass index and ethnic background were performed. Results: Higher SEP were associated with reduced odds of being physically inactive (middle SEP odds ratio (OR) men 0.58 (95% confidence intervals 0.47-0.72) and women 0.59 (0.47-0.75)) and non-smoking (middle SEP OR men 0.74 (0.59-0.93) and high SEP OR women 0.54 (0.38-0.77)) compared to participants with a low SEP. Alcohol consumption above the recommended maximum was associated with high SEP in men, OR 1.83 (1.30-2.61). Elevated SEP was associated with a motivation to increase physical activity levels (middle SEP OR men 1.45 (1.19-1.76) and women 1.35 (1.09-1.67)), high SEP was associated with none advice from GPs regarding smoking cessation among women, OR 0.47 (0.25-0.89). Conclusions: Socioeconomic position was strongly associated with lifestyle in individuals with diabetes. The most pronounced inequalities were found in physical activity levels, smoking status and the motivation to become more physically active. Municipalities and GPs may need a greater focus on SEP in interventions to change lifestyle in individuals with diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Book seriesScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Volume48
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)847-854
ISSN1403-4956
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • alcohol consumption
  • physical activity
  • smoking
  • socioeconomic position

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