Soccer and Zumba as health-promoting activities among female hospital employees: a 40-weeks cluster randomised intervention study

Svein Barene, Peter Krustrup, Ole-Lars Brekke, Andreas Holtermann

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological effects of soccer and Zumba among female hospital employees during a 40-week intervention period. Hospital employees (n = 118) were cluster-randomised to either a soccer group (n = 41), a Zumba group (n = 38) or a control group (n = 39). Both training groups were encouraged to perform 1-h training sessions twice a week outside working hours throughout the 40 weeks. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), blood pressure and body composition were measured and blood samples collected before and after the intervention period. Using intention-to-treat analyses, the Zumba group improved VO2 max compared to the control group (2.2 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1), 95% CI, 0.9, 3.5, P = 0.001), with no significant increase in the soccer group (1.1 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1), 95% CI, -0.2, 2.4, P = 0.08). Both intervention groups reduced total body fat mass and fat percentage compared to the control group (P < 0.01). In the soccer group, but not the Zumba group, a significant difference in lower limb bone mineral density and bone mineral content was observed in comparison to the control group (P < 0.01). Furthermore, the soccer group, but not the Zumba group, had increased plasma osteocalcin (6.6 µg · L(-1), 95% CI, 2.2, 11.0, P < 0.01) and decreased plasma leptin (-6.6 µg · L(-1), 95% CI, -12.5, -0.7, P < 0.05) compared to the control group. The present study suggests that workplace-initiated soccer and Zumba training comprising 1-2 sessions per week outside working hours may promote physiological health among female hospital employees.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume32
Issue number16
Pages (from-to)1539-49
ISSN0264-0414
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Soccer
Health
Control Groups
Bone Density
Intention to Treat Analysis
Osteocalcin
Leptin
Workplace
Adipose Tissue
Fats
Oxygen

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Fat Distribution
  • Body Mass Index
  • Bone Density
  • Dancing
  • Female
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Leptin
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital
  • Osteocalcin
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Personnel, Hospital
  • Physical Education and Training
  • Soccer
  • Journal Article
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

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title = "Soccer and Zumba as health-promoting activities among female hospital employees: a 40-weeks cluster randomised intervention study",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological effects of soccer and Zumba among female hospital employees during a 40-week intervention period. Hospital employees (n = 118) were cluster-randomised to either a soccer group (n = 41), a Zumba group (n = 38) or a control group (n = 39). Both training groups were encouraged to perform 1-h training sessions twice a week outside working hours throughout the 40 weeks. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), blood pressure and body composition were measured and blood samples collected before and after the intervention period. Using intention-to-treat analyses, the Zumba group improved VO2 max compared to the control group (2.2 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1), 95{\%} CI, 0.9, 3.5, P = 0.001), with no significant increase in the soccer group (1.1 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1), 95{\%} CI, -0.2, 2.4, P = 0.08). Both intervention groups reduced total body fat mass and fat percentage compared to the control group (P < 0.01). In the soccer group, but not the Zumba group, a significant difference in lower limb bone mineral density and bone mineral content was observed in comparison to the control group (P < 0.01). Furthermore, the soccer group, but not the Zumba group, had increased plasma osteocalcin (6.6 µg · L(-1), 95{\%} CI, 2.2, 11.0, P < 0.01) and decreased plasma leptin (-6.6 µg · L(-1), 95{\%} CI, -12.5, -0.7, P < 0.05) compared to the control group. The present study suggests that workplace-initiated soccer and Zumba training comprising 1-2 sessions per week outside working hours may promote physiological health among female hospital employees.",
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author = "Svein Barene and Peter Krustrup and Ole-Lars Brekke and Andreas Holtermann",
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doi = "10.1080/02640414.2014.906043",
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volume = "32",
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Soccer and Zumba as health-promoting activities among female hospital employees : a 40-weeks cluster randomised intervention study. / Barene, Svein; Krustrup, Peter; Brekke, Ole-Lars; Holtermann, Andreas.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 32, No. 16, 2014, p. 1539-49.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Soccer and Zumba as health-promoting activities among female hospital employees

T2 - a 40-weeks cluster randomised intervention study

AU - Barene, Svein

AU - Krustrup, Peter

AU - Brekke, Ole-Lars

AU - Holtermann, Andreas

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological effects of soccer and Zumba among female hospital employees during a 40-week intervention period. Hospital employees (n = 118) were cluster-randomised to either a soccer group (n = 41), a Zumba group (n = 38) or a control group (n = 39). Both training groups were encouraged to perform 1-h training sessions twice a week outside working hours throughout the 40 weeks. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), blood pressure and body composition were measured and blood samples collected before and after the intervention period. Using intention-to-treat analyses, the Zumba group improved VO2 max compared to the control group (2.2 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1), 95% CI, 0.9, 3.5, P = 0.001), with no significant increase in the soccer group (1.1 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1), 95% CI, -0.2, 2.4, P = 0.08). Both intervention groups reduced total body fat mass and fat percentage compared to the control group (P < 0.01). In the soccer group, but not the Zumba group, a significant difference in lower limb bone mineral density and bone mineral content was observed in comparison to the control group (P < 0.01). Furthermore, the soccer group, but not the Zumba group, had increased plasma osteocalcin (6.6 µg · L(-1), 95% CI, 2.2, 11.0, P < 0.01) and decreased plasma leptin (-6.6 µg · L(-1), 95% CI, -12.5, -0.7, P < 0.05) compared to the control group. The present study suggests that workplace-initiated soccer and Zumba training comprising 1-2 sessions per week outside working hours may promote physiological health among female hospital employees.

AB - The aim of this study was to evaluate the physiological effects of soccer and Zumba among female hospital employees during a 40-week intervention period. Hospital employees (n = 118) were cluster-randomised to either a soccer group (n = 41), a Zumba group (n = 38) or a control group (n = 39). Both training groups were encouraged to perform 1-h training sessions twice a week outside working hours throughout the 40 weeks. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), blood pressure and body composition were measured and blood samples collected before and after the intervention period. Using intention-to-treat analyses, the Zumba group improved VO2 max compared to the control group (2.2 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1), 95% CI, 0.9, 3.5, P = 0.001), with no significant increase in the soccer group (1.1 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1), 95% CI, -0.2, 2.4, P = 0.08). Both intervention groups reduced total body fat mass and fat percentage compared to the control group (P < 0.01). In the soccer group, but not the Zumba group, a significant difference in lower limb bone mineral density and bone mineral content was observed in comparison to the control group (P < 0.01). Furthermore, the soccer group, but not the Zumba group, had increased plasma osteocalcin (6.6 µg · L(-1), 95% CI, 2.2, 11.0, P < 0.01) and decreased plasma leptin (-6.6 µg · L(-1), 95% CI, -12.5, -0.7, P < 0.05) compared to the control group. The present study suggests that workplace-initiated soccer and Zumba training comprising 1-2 sessions per week outside working hours may promote physiological health among female hospital employees.

KW - Adult

KW - Aged

KW - Blood Pressure

KW - Body Fat Distribution

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Bone Density

KW - Dancing

KW - Female

KW - Health Promotion

KW - Humans

KW - Leptin

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Nursing Staff, Hospital

KW - Osteocalcin

KW - Oxygen Consumption

KW - Personnel, Hospital

KW - Physical Education and Training

KW - Soccer

KW - Journal Article

KW - Randomized Controlled Trial

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2014.906043

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2014.906043

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24720526

VL - 32

SP - 1539

EP - 1549

JO - Journal of Sports Sciences

JF - Journal of Sports Sciences

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 16

ER -