SMOOTH Robot: Design for a novel modular welfare robot

William Kristian Juel, Frederik Haarslev, Eduardo Ruiz Ramírez, Emanuela Marchetti, Kerstin Fischer, Danish Shaikh, Poramate Manoonpong, Christian Hauch, Leon Bodenhagen, Norbert Krüger

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Demographic change is expected to challenge many societies in the next few decades if todays’ standards of services in e.g. elder care shall be maintained. Robots are considered to at least partially mitigate this challenge, however, robots are rarely applied in the welfare domain. This paper describes the development of a concept for a novel welfare robot that is modular and affordable. The development is based on a participatory design process and by taking strengths and limitations of selected, commercially available robots into account. This work contributes a design methodology specific for welfare robots and a resulting robot concept that address three use cases in a care center. The concept includes multi-modal robot perception that facilitates a proactive robot behavior for achieving smooth interactions with end-users.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Intelligent and Robotic Systems
Pages (from-to)19-37
Publication statusPublished - 1. Apr 2020


  • Design
  • HRI
  • Healthcare
  • Robotics
  • Welfare


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