Sickness Presenteeism Among Health Care Workers and the Effect of BMI, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Muscle Strength

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to assess the relationship between sickness presenteeism and body mass index (BMI), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and maximal voluntary contraction (MVC).

METHODS: Female health care workers (n = 139) were analyzed cross-sectional as well as longitudinal after 3 and 12-month follow-up. Sickness presenteeism was assessed as a summed score using validated questions from three questionnaires: Health and Work Performance Questionnaire, Work Ability Index, and Quantity and Quality Method. CRF was assessed by a maximal cycling test and MVC from four muscle groups.

RESULTS: Significant relationships were found between sickness presenteeism and BMI as well as MVC both cross-sectional and as changes over 3 months. Participants with BMI more than 30 kg/m had significantly higher sickness presenteeism than those with BMI less than 25 kg/m.

CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that actions that decrease BMI and increase MVC decrease the amount of sickness presenteeism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume57
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)e146-52
ISSN1076-2752
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

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Body Mass Index
Delivery of Health Care
Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Presenteeism
Health
Surveys and Questionnaires

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Cite this

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title = "Sickness Presenteeism Among Health Care Workers and the Effect of BMI, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Muscle Strength",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to assess the relationship between sickness presenteeism and body mass index (BMI), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and maximal voluntary contraction (MVC).METHODS: Female health care workers (n = 139) were analyzed cross-sectional as well as longitudinal after 3 and 12-month follow-up. Sickness presenteeism was assessed as a summed score using validated questions from three questionnaires: Health and Work Performance Questionnaire, Work Ability Index, and Quantity and Quality Method. CRF was assessed by a maximal cycling test and MVC from four muscle groups.RESULTS: Significant relationships were found between sickness presenteeism and BMI as well as MVC both cross-sectional and as changes over 3 months. Participants with BMI more than 30 kg/m had significantly higher sickness presenteeism than those with BMI less than 25 kg/m.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that actions that decrease BMI and increase MVC decrease the amount of sickness presenteeism.",
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Sickness Presenteeism Among Health Care Workers and the Effect of BMI, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Muscle Strength. / Christensen, Jeanette Reffstrup; Kongstad, Malte Bue; Sjøgaard, Gisela; Søgaard, Karen.

In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 57, No. 12, 12.2015, p. e146-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sickness Presenteeism Among Health Care Workers and the Effect of BMI, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Muscle Strength

AU - Christensen, Jeanette Reffstrup

AU - Kongstad, Malte Bue

AU - Sjøgaard, Gisela

AU - Søgaard, Karen

N1 - Online-only

PY - 2015/12

Y1 - 2015/12

N2 - OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to assess the relationship between sickness presenteeism and body mass index (BMI), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and maximal voluntary contraction (MVC).METHODS: Female health care workers (n = 139) were analyzed cross-sectional as well as longitudinal after 3 and 12-month follow-up. Sickness presenteeism was assessed as a summed score using validated questions from three questionnaires: Health and Work Performance Questionnaire, Work Ability Index, and Quantity and Quality Method. CRF was assessed by a maximal cycling test and MVC from four muscle groups.RESULTS: Significant relationships were found between sickness presenteeism and BMI as well as MVC both cross-sectional and as changes over 3 months. Participants with BMI more than 30 kg/m had significantly higher sickness presenteeism than those with BMI less than 25 kg/m.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that actions that decrease BMI and increase MVC decrease the amount of sickness presenteeism.

AB - OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to assess the relationship between sickness presenteeism and body mass index (BMI), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and maximal voluntary contraction (MVC).METHODS: Female health care workers (n = 139) were analyzed cross-sectional as well as longitudinal after 3 and 12-month follow-up. Sickness presenteeism was assessed as a summed score using validated questions from three questionnaires: Health and Work Performance Questionnaire, Work Ability Index, and Quantity and Quality Method. CRF was assessed by a maximal cycling test and MVC from four muscle groups.RESULTS: Significant relationships were found between sickness presenteeism and BMI as well as MVC both cross-sectional and as changes over 3 months. Participants with BMI more than 30 kg/m had significantly higher sickness presenteeism than those with BMI less than 25 kg/m.CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that actions that decrease BMI and increase MVC decrease the amount of sickness presenteeism.

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DO - 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000576

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VL - 57

SP - e146-52

JO - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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SN - 1076-2752

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