Shade coverage, ultraviolet radiation and children's physical activity in early childhood education and care

Hayley Christian*, Leanne Lester, Stewart G Trost, Georgina Trapp, Jasper Schipperijn, Bryan Boruff, Clover Maitland, Zakia Jeemi, Michael Rosenberg, Paul Barber, Harry Eslick

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the association between shade coverage in early childhood education and care (ECEC) centres and pre-school children’s physical activity, outdoor time and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure. Methods: A total of 48 ECEC centres (678 children) in the Western Australian Play Spaces and Environments for Children’s Physical Activity (PLAYCE) study took part. Physical activity at ECEC was measured using 7-day accelerometry. UVR exposure was measured using polysulphone film attached to children’s shoulders. Educators reported time spent outdoors. The Shade Factor and remote sensing imagery captured shade coverage. Results: Centre vegetation but not Shade Factor was significantly negatively associated with children’s UVR exposure (p < 0.001). Higher levels of vegetation were associated with increased time outdoors, but higher levels of the Shade Factor were associated with decreased time outdoors (all p < 0.001). Neither shade measure was significantly associated with physical activity. Outdoor time moderated the relationships between shade measures, physical activity and UVR exposure. Conclusions: The provision of shade, particularly through natural forms such as tree canopy, is an important sun protection strategy and enabler of outdoor time in children attending ECEC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume64
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1325-1333
ISSN1661-8556
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

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Exercise
Education
Imagery (Psychotherapy)

Keywords

  • Childcare
  • Methods
  • Physical activity
  • Shade
  • Sun exposure
  • UVR

Cite this

Christian, Hayley ; Lester, Leanne ; Trost, Stewart G ; Trapp, Georgina ; Schipperijn, Jasper ; Boruff, Bryan ; Maitland, Clover ; Jeemi, Zakia ; Rosenberg, Michael ; Barber, Paul ; Eslick, Harry. / Shade coverage, ultraviolet radiation and children's physical activity in early childhood education and care. In: International Journal of Public Health. 2019 ; Vol. 64, No. 9. pp. 1325-1333.
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title = "Shade coverage, ultraviolet radiation and children's physical activity in early childhood education and care",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate the association between shade coverage in early childhood education and care (ECEC) centres and pre-school children’s physical activity, outdoor time and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure. Methods: A total of 48 ECEC centres (678 children) in the Western Australian Play Spaces and Environments for Children’s Physical Activity (PLAYCE) study took part. Physical activity at ECEC was measured using 7-day accelerometry. UVR exposure was measured using polysulphone film attached to children’s shoulders. Educators reported time spent outdoors. The Shade Factor and remote sensing imagery captured shade coverage. Results: Centre vegetation but not Shade Factor was significantly negatively associated with children’s UVR exposure (p < 0.001). Higher levels of vegetation were associated with increased time outdoors, but higher levels of the Shade Factor were associated with decreased time outdoors (all p < 0.001). Neither shade measure was significantly associated with physical activity. Outdoor time moderated the relationships between shade measures, physical activity and UVR exposure. Conclusions: The provision of shade, particularly through natural forms such as tree canopy, is an important sun protection strategy and enabler of outdoor time in children attending ECEC.",
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author = "Hayley Christian and Leanne Lester and Trost, {Stewart G} and Georgina Trapp and Jasper Schipperijn and Bryan Boruff and Clover Maitland and Zakia Jeemi and Michael Rosenberg and Paul Barber and Harry Eslick",
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Christian, H, Lester, L, Trost, SG, Trapp, G, Schipperijn, J, Boruff, B, Maitland, C, Jeemi, Z, Rosenberg, M, Barber, P & Eslick, H 2019, 'Shade coverage, ultraviolet radiation and children's physical activity in early childhood education and care', International Journal of Public Health, vol. 64, no. 9, pp. 1325-1333. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-019-01289-y

Shade coverage, ultraviolet radiation and children's physical activity in early childhood education and care. / Christian, Hayley; Lester, Leanne; Trost, Stewart G; Trapp, Georgina; Schipperijn, Jasper; Boruff, Bryan; Maitland, Clover; Jeemi, Zakia; Rosenberg, Michael; Barber, Paul; Eslick, Harry.

In: International Journal of Public Health, Vol. 64, No. 9, 12.2019, p. 1325-1333.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Shade coverage, ultraviolet radiation and children's physical activity in early childhood education and care

AU - Christian, Hayley

AU - Lester, Leanne

AU - Trost, Stewart G

AU - Trapp, Georgina

AU - Schipperijn, Jasper

AU - Boruff, Bryan

AU - Maitland, Clover

AU - Jeemi, Zakia

AU - Rosenberg, Michael

AU - Barber, Paul

AU - Eslick, Harry

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Objective: To investigate the association between shade coverage in early childhood education and care (ECEC) centres and pre-school children’s physical activity, outdoor time and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure. Methods: A total of 48 ECEC centres (678 children) in the Western Australian Play Spaces and Environments for Children’s Physical Activity (PLAYCE) study took part. Physical activity at ECEC was measured using 7-day accelerometry. UVR exposure was measured using polysulphone film attached to children’s shoulders. Educators reported time spent outdoors. The Shade Factor and remote sensing imagery captured shade coverage. Results: Centre vegetation but not Shade Factor was significantly negatively associated with children’s UVR exposure (p < 0.001). Higher levels of vegetation were associated with increased time outdoors, but higher levels of the Shade Factor were associated with decreased time outdoors (all p < 0.001). Neither shade measure was significantly associated with physical activity. Outdoor time moderated the relationships between shade measures, physical activity and UVR exposure. Conclusions: The provision of shade, particularly through natural forms such as tree canopy, is an important sun protection strategy and enabler of outdoor time in children attending ECEC.

AB - Objective: To investigate the association between shade coverage in early childhood education and care (ECEC) centres and pre-school children’s physical activity, outdoor time and ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure. Methods: A total of 48 ECEC centres (678 children) in the Western Australian Play Spaces and Environments for Children’s Physical Activity (PLAYCE) study took part. Physical activity at ECEC was measured using 7-day accelerometry. UVR exposure was measured using polysulphone film attached to children’s shoulders. Educators reported time spent outdoors. The Shade Factor and remote sensing imagery captured shade coverage. Results: Centre vegetation but not Shade Factor was significantly negatively associated with children’s UVR exposure (p < 0.001). Higher levels of vegetation were associated with increased time outdoors, but higher levels of the Shade Factor were associated with decreased time outdoors (all p < 0.001). Neither shade measure was significantly associated with physical activity. Outdoor time moderated the relationships between shade measures, physical activity and UVR exposure. Conclusions: The provision of shade, particularly through natural forms such as tree canopy, is an important sun protection strategy and enabler of outdoor time in children attending ECEC.

KW - Childcare

KW - Methods

KW - Physical activity

KW - Shade

KW - Sun exposure

KW - UVR

U2 - 10.1007/s00038-019-01289-y

DO - 10.1007/s00038-019-01289-y

M3 - Journal article

VL - 64

SP - 1325

EP - 1333

JO - International Journal of Public Health

JF - International Journal of Public Health

SN - 1661-8556

IS - 9

ER -