Septins are known to play key roles in supporting cytoskeletal stability, vesicular transport, endo-/exocytosis, stabilizing cellular membranes and forming diffusion barriers. Their function in mammalian cells is poorly investigated. The osteoclast offers an interesting tool to investigate septins because all cellular activities septins were reported to be involved in are critical for osteoclasts. However, the existence of septins in osteoclasts has not even been reported. Here we show that the SEPT9 gene and Septin 9 (SEPT9) protein are expressed and synthesized during differentiation of human osteoclasts. Pharmacological stabilization of septin filaments dose dependently inhibits bone resorption of human osteoclasts in vitro suggesting a role for septins in bone resorption. Attesting to this, conditional deletion of Sept9 in mice leads to elevated levels of trabecular bone and diminished femoral growth in vivo. Finally, systematic interrogation of the spatial organization of SEPT9 by confocal microscopy reveals that SEPT9 is closely associated to the structures known to be critical for osteoclast activity. We propose that septins in general and SEPT9 in particular play a previously unappreciated role in osteoclastic bone resorption.