Self-hybridisation between interband transitions and Mie modes in dielectric nanoparticles

Christos Tserkezis*, P. Elli Stamatopoulou, Christian Wolff, N. Asger Mortensen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We discuss the possibility of self-hybridisation in high-index dielectric nanoparticles, where Mie modes of electric or magnetic type can couple to the interband transitions of the material, leading to spectral anticrossings. Starting with an idealised system described by moderately high constant permittivity with a narrow Lorentzian, in which self-hybridisation is visible for both plane-wave and electron-beam excitation, we embark on a quest for realistic systems where this effect should be visible. We explore a variety of spherical particles made of traditional semiconductors such as Si, GaAs, and GaP. With the effect hardly discernible, we identify two major causes hindering observation of self-hybridisation: the very broad spectral fingerprints of interband transitions in most candidate materials, and the significant overlap between electric and magnetic Mie modes in nanospheres. We thus depart from the spherical shape, and show that interband–Mie hybridisation is indeed feasible in the example of GaAs cylinders, even with a simple plane-wave source. This so-far unreported kind of polariton has to be considered when interpreting experimental spectra of Mie-resonant nanoparticles and assigning modal characters to specific features. On the other hand, it has the potential to be useful for the characterisation of the optical properties of dielectric materials, through control of the hybridisation strength via nanoparticle size and shape, and for applications that exploit Mie resonances in metamaterials, highly-directional antennas, or photovoltaics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNanophotonics
ISSN2192-8606
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1. Feb 2024

Keywords

  • interband transitions
  • Mie resonances
  • self-hybridised polaritons

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