DNA nanostructures have been designed and used in many different applications. However, the use of nucleic acid scaffolds to promote the self-assembly of artificial protein mimics is only starting to emerge. Herein five coiled-coil peptide structures were templated by the hybridization of a d-DNA triplex or its mirror-image counterpart, an l-DNA triplex. The self-assembly of the desired trimeric structures in solution was confirmed by gel electrophoresis and small-angle X-ray scattering, and the stabilizing synergy between the two domains was found to be chirality-independent but orientation-dependent. This is the first example of using a nucleic acid scaffold of l-DNA to template the formation of artificial protein mimics. The results may advance the emerging POC-based nanotechnology field by adding two extra dimensions, that is, chirality and polarity, to provide innovative molecular tools for rational design and bottom-up construction of artificial protein mimics, programmable materials and responsive nanodevices.
- oligonucleotide triplexes
- peptide coiled-coils
- peptide-oligonucleotide conjugates
- sequence polarity