Segmentation of Highly Vocalic Speech Via Statistical Learning: Initial Results From Danish, Norwegian, and English

Fabio Trecca*, Stewart M. McCauley, Sofie Riis Andersen, Dorthe Bleses, Hans Basbøll, Anders Højen, Thomas O. Madsen, Ingeborg Sophie Bjønness Ribu, Morten H. Christiansen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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    Abstract

    Research has shown that contoids (phonetically defined consonants) may provide more robust and reliable cues to syllable and word boundaries than vocoids (phonetically defined vowels). Recent studies of Danish, a language characterized by frequent long sequences of vocoids in speech, have suggested that the reduced occurrence of contoids may make speech in it intrinsically harder to segment than in closely related languages such as Norwegian. We addressed this hypothesis empirically in an artificial language learning experiment with native speakers of Danish, Norwegian, and English. We tested whether artificial speech consisting of concatenated contoid–vocoid syllables is easier to segment than speech consisting of vocoid–vocoid syllables where the first segment is a semivowel and the second a full vowel. Contrary to what was expected, we found no effect of the phonetic makeup of the syllables on speech segmentability. Possible interpretations and implications of this result are discussed. Open Practices: This article has been awarded Open Materials and Open Data badges. All materials and data are publicly accessible via the Open Science Framework at https://osf.io/rmjtg. Learn more about the Open Practices badges from the Center for Open Science: https://osf.io/tvyxz/wiki.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalLanguage Learning
    Volume69
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)143-176
    ISSN0023-8333
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

    Keywords

    • crosslinguistic
    • Danish
    • language distance
    • statistical learning
    • vowels
    • word segmentation

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