Security threats from the Southern Mediterranean as viewed by Europe: A comparative analysis of the “long year” of 1979 and the 2010s

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    Abstract

    The chapter deals with security threats from the Mediterranean as viewed by Europe. In order to identify the European perception on major security threats from the Southern Mediterranean in the 2010s and their linkages with one another, first a historical analysis pivoting on the year 1979 is presented: After the Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty brokered by the USA in Camp David, security threats posed by actors from the Southern Mediterranean were lower than at any point before and after in contemporary history. In particular, five features are discussed: the early end of the Cold War in the Southern Mediterranean, the separation of the security complexes of the Levant and North Africa, unproblematic European-Israeli relations, stability as provided by authoritarian regimes, and the absence of terrorism as a major issue. These five features are then revisited with a focus on recent security challenges toward Europe posed by the Southern Mediterranean as perceived by the European political establishment. The chapter in particular deals with new complexities in security threats from the Southern Mediterranean in the 2010s, new linkages of the Mediterranean security complex, the problematique of the EU's affinity with Israel, the European "refugee crisis" as a result of the demise of authoritarian states in the Middle East, and Islamist terrorism.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationTransnational security cooperation in the Mediterranean
    EditorsRobert Mason
    PublisherSpringer
    Publication date2021
    Pages19-39
    ISBN (Print)978-3-030-54443-0
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-54444-7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2021

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