Abstract

Background and Aims: Early detection of liver fibrosis is believed to promote lifestyle changes. We evaluated self-reported changes in alcohol intake, diet, exercise, and weight after participating in a screening study for liver fibrosis. Methods: We conducted a prospective screening study of individuals at risk of alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) or metabolic dysfunction–associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD). We provided lifestyle advice to all participants and evaluated lifestyle changes by questionnaires after 1 week and 6 months, with re-examination of a subgroup after 2 years. Results: A total of 1850 at risk of ALD and 2946 at risk of MASLD were included, of whom 383 (8%) were screening positive (transient elastography ≥8 kPa). A total of 84% replied to the 6-month questionnaire. In ALD participants, excessive drinking decreased from 46% to 32% after 6 months. Only 15% reported increased drinking, without differences between screening positive and negative individuals (P = .698). In high-risk drinkers, a positive screening test predicted abstinence or decreased alcohol use after 6 months (odds ratio, 2.45; 95% confidence interval, 1.32–4.57; P = .005). After 2 years, excessive drinking decreased from 52% to 41% in a subgroup of 752 individuals and a positive screening test predicted abstinence or decreased alcohol use after 2 years (odds ratio, 1.84; 95% confidence interval, 1.09–3.11, P = .023). MASLD participants showed similar improvements: 35% improved their diet, 22% exercised more, and 13% reported a weight loss ≥5% after 6 months. Conclusions: Screening for liver fibrosis is associated with sustained improvements in alcohol consumption, diet, weight, and exercise in at-risk ALD and MASLD. The changes are most pronounced in screening positive participants but not limited to this group.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume22
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)1037-1047.e9
ISSN1542-3565
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2024

Keywords

  • Abstinence
  • Fatty liver disease
  • Lifestyle
  • Steatosis
  • Transient elastography
  • Life Style
  • Prospective Studies
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Male
  • Liver Cirrhosis
  • Exercise
  • Diet
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Aged
  • Mass Screening/methods
  • Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects

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