School site walkability and active school transport - association, mediation and moderation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Increasing active school transport (AST) can improve population health, but its association with the urban form is not fully clear. This study investigated the association of an objective school walkability index with AST and how this association is mediated by the perceived physical and social environment. 1250 Danish students aged 11-13. years completed a commuting diary and a questionnaire. The walkability index was constituted of measures of road connectivity, traffic exposure and residential density. AST's share in all school trips was 85.4% with little difference between genders. The school walkability index was significantly associated with AST (Medium vs. Low OR 2.68; High vs. Low OR 2.49). Adding the perceived physical and social environment variables improved the model prediction of AST, with no change in the association with the school walkability index. Furthermore, distance to school significantly moderated the association between the school walkability index and AST. This research confirms the association between the urban form surrounding schools and AST. Medium and highly walkable school sites in combination with a distance to school below 2. km, no speeding traffic and many paths in the neighborhood was associated with the highest odds ratio for AST.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Transport Geography
Volume34
Pages (from-to)7-15
Number of pages9
ISSN0966-6923
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Jan 2014

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'School site walkability and active school transport - association, mediation and moderation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this