School-based physical activity and the implementation paradox

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

31 Downloads (Pure)


The purpose of this article is to explore core aspects of implementation management and what implementation management entails within the area of
school-based physical activity. The article reports on a comprehensive national Delphi study identifying factors of key importance for implementing
school-based physical activity. The Delphi study consisted of four phases: 1)
Identifying implementation factors related to school-based physical activity
reported in the scientific and grey literature; 2) Requesting a total of 65 national area experts to assess and prioritize the identified factors; 3) Interviewing selected national area experts to examine outlier responses; 4) Establishing final consensus on the prioritization of implementation factors identified,
ranked and assessed in phase II. In the Delphi study, School management
stands out as the factor that overall is considered most essential for successful
implementation. The broader research literature on school-based implementation processes confirms the key role that, not least, first-level management, e.g. in the form of a given school’s local management, plays in the further deployment of educational policy changes. To put the findings from the Delphi study into perspective, the article discusses central issues on management of organizational implementation—including current knowledge about change and transformation management. In addition, research specifically
dealing with strategic processes related to school-based physical activity is included. Finally, the article delivers core messages on what it takes to succeed
with implementation management of school-based physical activity initiatives.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAdvances in Physical Education
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)492-506
Publication statusPublished - 30. Nov 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'School-based physical activity and the implementation paradox'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this