Restrictions in means for suicide: an effective tool in preventing suicide

The Danish experience

Merete Nordentoft, Ping Qin, Karin Helweg-Larsen, Knud Juel

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Restriction of means for suicide is an important part of suicide preventive strategies in different countries. The effect on method-specific suicide rate and overall suicide rate of restrictions on availability of carbon monoxide, barbiturates, and dextropropoxyphene was examined. From 1970 to 2000, overall suicide mortality and method-specific suicide mortality in Denmark were compared with official information about availability of barbiturates and analgesics and carbon monoxide in vehicle exhaust and household gas. Restrictions on availability of household gas with carbon monoxide content and barbiturates was associated with a decline in the number of suicides and suicides by self-poisoning with these compounds after controlling for the effect of calender year. Restricted access occurred concomittantly with a 55 percent decrease in suicide rate.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Suicide and Life-threatening Behaviour
Volume37
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)688-97
Number of pages9
ISSN0363-0234
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Dec 2007

Fingerprint

Gases
Dextropropoxyphene
Denmark
Poisoning

Keywords

  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Barbiturates
  • Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
  • Cause of Death
  • Denmark
  • Dextropropoxyphene
  • Drug and Narcotic Control
  • Female
  • Government Regulation
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Overdose
  • Risk
  • Suicide

Cite this

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title = "Restrictions in means for suicide: an effective tool in preventing suicide: The Danish experience",
abstract = "Restriction of means for suicide is an important part of suicide preventive strategies in different countries. The effect on method-specific suicide rate and overall suicide rate of restrictions on availability of carbon monoxide, barbiturates, and dextropropoxyphene was examined. From 1970 to 2000, overall suicide mortality and method-specific suicide mortality in Denmark were compared with official information about availability of barbiturates and analgesics and carbon monoxide in vehicle exhaust and household gas. Restrictions on availability of household gas with carbon monoxide content and barbiturates was associated with a decline in the number of suicides and suicides by self-poisoning with these compounds after controlling for the effect of calender year. Restricted access occurred concomittantly with a 55 percent decrease in suicide rate.",
keywords = "Analgesics, Opioid, Barbiturates, Carbon Monoxide Poisoning, Cause of Death, Denmark, Dextropropoxyphene, Drug and Narcotic Control, Female, Government Regulation, Humans, Male, Overdose, Risk, Suicide",
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journal = "Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior",
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Restrictions in means for suicide: an effective tool in preventing suicide : The Danish experience. / Nordentoft, Merete; Qin, Ping; Helweg-Larsen, Karin; Juel, Knud.

In: Journal of Suicide and Life-threatening Behaviour, Vol. 37, No. 6, 01.12.2007, p. 688-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Restrictions in means for suicide: an effective tool in preventing suicide

T2 - The Danish experience

AU - Nordentoft, Merete

AU - Qin, Ping

AU - Helweg-Larsen, Karin

AU - Juel, Knud

PY - 2007/12/1

Y1 - 2007/12/1

N2 - Restriction of means for suicide is an important part of suicide preventive strategies in different countries. The effect on method-specific suicide rate and overall suicide rate of restrictions on availability of carbon monoxide, barbiturates, and dextropropoxyphene was examined. From 1970 to 2000, overall suicide mortality and method-specific suicide mortality in Denmark were compared with official information about availability of barbiturates and analgesics and carbon monoxide in vehicle exhaust and household gas. Restrictions on availability of household gas with carbon monoxide content and barbiturates was associated with a decline in the number of suicides and suicides by self-poisoning with these compounds after controlling for the effect of calender year. Restricted access occurred concomittantly with a 55 percent decrease in suicide rate.

AB - Restriction of means for suicide is an important part of suicide preventive strategies in different countries. The effect on method-specific suicide rate and overall suicide rate of restrictions on availability of carbon monoxide, barbiturates, and dextropropoxyphene was examined. From 1970 to 2000, overall suicide mortality and method-specific suicide mortality in Denmark were compared with official information about availability of barbiturates and analgesics and carbon monoxide in vehicle exhaust and household gas. Restrictions on availability of household gas with carbon monoxide content and barbiturates was associated with a decline in the number of suicides and suicides by self-poisoning with these compounds after controlling for the effect of calender year. Restricted access occurred concomittantly with a 55 percent decrease in suicide rate.

KW - Analgesics, Opioid

KW - Barbiturates

KW - Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

KW - Cause of Death

KW - Denmark

KW - Dextropropoxyphene

KW - Drug and Narcotic Control

KW - Female

KW - Government Regulation

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Overdose

KW - Risk

KW - Suicide

U2 - 10.1521/suli.2007.37.6.688

DO - 10.1521/suli.2007.37.6.688

M3 - Journal article

VL - 37

SP - 688

EP - 697

JO - Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior

JF - Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior

SN - 0363-0234

IS - 6

ER -