Repair of the Peripheral Nerve—Remyelination that Works

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Abstract

In this review we summarize the events known to occur after an injury in the peripheral nervous system. We have focused on the Schwann cells, as they are the most important cells for the repair process and facilitate axonal outgrowth. The environment created by this cell type is essential for the outcome of the repair process. The review starts with a description of the current state of knowledge about the initial events after injury, followed by Wallerian degeneration, and subsequent regeneration. The importance of surgical repair, carried out as soon as possible to increase the chances of a good outcome, is emphasized throughout the review. The review concludes by describing the target re-innervation, which today is one of the most serious problems for nerve regeneration. It is clear, compiling this data, that even though regeneration of the peripheral nervous system is possible, more research in this area is needed in order to perfect the outcome.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume3
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1182-1197
ISSN2076-3425
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2. Aug 2013

Keywords

  • peripheral nerve injury
  • Schwann cell
  • proliferation
  • bands of Büngner
  • nerve regeneration
  • myelination
  • target innervation
  • nerve repair
  • Bands of büngner
  • Nerve repair
  • Peripheral nerve injury
  • Proliferation
  • Myelination
  • Target innervation
  • Nerve regeneration

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